The molecular structure of an unusual cytochrome c(2) determined at 2.0 angstrom; the cytochrome c(H) from Methylobacterium extorquens

Jon Read, Raj Gill, Simon Dales, Jon B. Cooper, Stephen Paul Wood, Chris Anthony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cytochrome cH is the electron donor to the oxidase in methylotrophic bacteria. Its amino acid sequence suggests that it is a typical Class I cytochrome c, but some features of the sequence indicated that its structure might be of special interest. The structure of oxidized cytochrome cH has been solved to 2.0 [Angstrom capital A, ring] resolution by X-ray diffraction. It has the classical tertiary structure of the Class 1 cytochromes c but bears a closer gross resemblance to mitochondrial cytochrome c than to the bacterial cytochrome c2. The left-hand side of the haem cleft is unique; in particular, it is highly hydrophobic, the usual water is absent, and the “conserved” Tyr67 is replaced by tryptophan. A number of features of the structure demonstrate that the usual hydrogen bonding network involving water in the haem channel is not essential and that other mechanisms may exist for modulation of redox potentials in this cytochrome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1232-1240
JournalProtein Science
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 1999

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