The NAD+ metabolism of Leishmania, notably the enzyme nicotinamidase involved in NAD+ salvage, offers prospects for development of anti-parasite chemotherapy

Paul A. M. Michels, Luisana Avilán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

NAD+ plays multiple, essential roles in the cell. As a cofactor in many redox reactions it is key in the cellular energy metabolism and as a substrate it participates in many reactions leading to a variety of covalent modifications of enzymes with major roles in regulation of expression and metabolism. Cells may have the ability to produce this metabolite either via alternative de novo synthesis pathways and/or by different salvage pathways. In this issue of Molecular Microbiology, Gazanion et al. (2011) demonstrate that Leishmania species can only rely on the salvage of NAD+ building blocks. One of the enzymes involved, nicotinamidase, is absent from human cells. The enzyme is important for growth of Leishmania infantum and essential for establishing an infection. The crystal structure of the parasite protein has been solved and shows prospects for design of inhibitors to be used as leads for development of new drugs. Indeed, NAD+ metabolism is currently being considered as a promising drug target in various diseases and the vulnerability of Leishmania for interference of this metabolism has been proved in previous work by the same group, by showing that administration of NAD+ precursors has detrimental effect on the pathogenic, amastigote stage of this parasite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-8
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume82
Issue number1
Early online date19 Aug 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Leishmania infantum/drug effects
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral/drug therapy
  • NAD/biosynthesis
  • Nicotinamidase/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protozoan Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors

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