The phenomenological interpretation of creation of the world out of nothing: from patristics to Kant and beyond

Alexei V. Nesteruk*, Tatiana V. Litvin

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

It is argued that any approach to creation of the world out of nothing in the natural attitude is impossible. Correspondingly creation escapes the limits of metaphysics and can be presented in the phenomenality of events. The paper deals with some arguments of the Church Fathers in opposition to those who denied creation out of nothing on the basis of the argument “Why not sooner?” It is demonstrated that the Fathers’ analysis anticipated the modern view that the creation of the world can only be treated in the event-like phenomenality thus forming a saturated phenomenon. Then we carry out the analysis of Kant’s first cosmological antinomy with the aim to confirm our thesis that the origin of the world cannot be presented in the phenomenality of objects. In conclusion we formulate a thesis that the universe as a whole, as well as its origin can only be comprehended as event unpredictable and irreproducible, exceeding all cause and making the impossible possible, surpassing all expectations and predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1604-1634
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Siberian Federal University - Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Christianity
  • Cosmology
  • Creation
  • Event
  • Ontology
  • Patristic theology
  • Phenomenality
  • Philosophy
  • Time

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