The probation service, public protection and dangerous offenders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Late or post-modern society is characterized by `risk' (Giddens 1990, Hudson 2001, 2003, Kemshall 2003). Societies are concerned with risk (or more accurately increased risk) because they believe that they lack the controls they once had over their lives. To a certain extent, the unexpected and unanticipated, in an age when we think we should have greater control, takes people back to a pre-modern form of existence where natural disasters and threats determined the parameters of risk. For example, in late summer 2004 a sudden river surge almost destroyed the Cornish coastal village of Boscastle. People felt powerless in the face of nature. Yet the paradox is that the sudden upturn in the scale and frequency of natural disasters would at least in part appear to be triggered by the `advancement' of society and its outcomes, that is, global warming. Therefore, this sense of insecurity and risk is fuelled by a belief that events are beyond control, framed by a context where they should be in control.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCommunity justice, issues for probation and criminal justice
EditorsJane Winstone, Francis Pakes
Place of PublicationCullompton
PublisherWillan Publishing
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9781843921288
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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