Thermal expansion measurements in fresh and saline ice using fiber optic strain gauges and multipoint temperature sensors based on Bragg Gratings

Aleksey Marchenko, Ben Lishman, David Wrangborg, Torsten Thiel

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    Abstract

    This paper describes the use of Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors to investigate the thermomechanical properties of saline ice. FBG sensors allowed laboratory measurements of thermal expansion of ice samples with a range of different sizes and geometries. The high sampling frequency, accuracy, and resolution of the FBG sensors provide good quality data across a temperature range from 0°C to −20°C. Negative values of the effective coefficient of thermal expansion were observed in ice samples with salinities 6 ppt, 8 ppt, and 9.4 ppt. A model is formulated under which structural transformations in the ice, caused by temperature changes, can lead to brine transfer from closed pockets to permeable channels, and vice versa. This model is compared to experimental data. Further, in experiments with confined floating ice, heating as well as thermal expansion due to vertical migration of liquid brine, caused by under-ice water pressure, was observed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number5678193
    JournalJournal of Sensors
    Volume2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2016

    Keywords

    • ice
    • thermal expansion
    • fbg
    • fiber-bragg gratings
    • sea ice

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