Thermographic imaging in sports and exercise medicine: a Delphi study and consensus statement on the measurement of human skin temperature

Danilo Gomes Moreira, Joseph T. Costello, Ciro J. Brito, Jakub G. Adamczyk, Kurt Ammer, Aaron J. E. Bach, Carlos M. A. Costa, Clare Eglin, Alex A. Fernandes, Ismael Fernández-Cuevas, José J. A. Ferreira, Damiano Formenti, Damien Fournet, George Havenith, Kevin Howell, Anna Jung, Glen P. Kenny, Eleazar S. Kolosovas-Machuca, Matthew J. Maley, Arcangelo MerlaDavid D. Pascoe, Jose I. Priego Quesada, Robert G. Schwartz, Adérito R. D. Seixas, James Selfe, Boris G. Vainer, Manuel Sillero-Quintana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Downloads (Pure)


The importance of using infrared thermography (IRT) to assess skin temperature (tsk) is increasing in clinical settings. Recently, its use has been increasing in sports and exercise medicine; however, no consensus guideline exists to address the methods for collecting data in such situations. The aim of this study was to develop a checklist for the collection of tsk using IRT in sports and exercise medicine. We carried out a Delphi study to set a checklist based on consensus agreement from leading experts in the field. Panelists (n = 24) representing the areas of sport science (n = 8; 33%), physiology (n = 7; 29%), physiotherapy (n = 3; 13%) and medicine (n = 6; 25%), from 13 different countries completed the Delphi process. An initial list of 16 points was proposed which was rated and commented on by panelists in three rounds of anonymous surveys following a standard Delphi procedure. The panel reached consensus on 15 items which encompassed the participants’ demographic information, camera/room or environment setup and recording/analysis of tsk using IRT. The results of the Delphi produced the checklist entitled “Thermographic Imaging in Sports and Exercise Medicine (TISEM)” which is a proposal to standardize the collection and analysis of tsk data using IRT. It is intended that the TISEM can also be applied to evaluate bias in thermographic studies and to guide practitioners in the use of this technique.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
JournalJournal of Thermal Biology
Early online date18 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


Dive into the research topics of 'Thermographic imaging in sports and exercise medicine: a Delphi study and consensus statement on the measurement of human skin temperature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this