Thriving on pressure: a factor mixture analysis of sport performers’ responses to competitive encounters

Daniel J. Brown, Rachel Arnold, Martyn Standage, David Fletcher

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Abstract

Although considerable research exists on performers’ responses to sporting encounters, little is known about thriving in sport contexts. The current study examined if distinct response patterns existed between sport performers who thrived in competitive encounters compared to those who did not. Participants were 535 sport performers (134 women; Mage = 23.60 years, SDage = 8.08; Mcompeting = 11.84 years, SDcompeting = 7.11). Results of factor mixture analysis supported a four-profile solution comprising a thriving group (n = 146), a low-functioning group (n = 38), and two groups characterized by scores marginally above (n = 131) and below (n = 209) the sample mean. Profile membership was found to be predicted by personal enablers (viz., personal resilient qualities, psychological skills use), and process variables (viz., basic psychological need satisfaction and frustration; challenge appraisal). This examination of thriving in sport performers offers significant implications for research and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-437
JournalJournal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2018

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