Time Inference with MUSE in Extragalactic Rings (TIMER): properties of the survey and high-level data products

Dimitri A. Gadotti, Patricia Sánchez-Blázquez, Jesús Falcón-Barroso, Bernd Husemann, Marja K. Seidel, Isabel Pérez, Adriana de Lorenzo-Cáceres, Inma Martinez-Valpuesta, Francesca Fragkoudi, Gigi Leung, Glenn van de Ven, Ryan Leaman, Paula Coelho, Marie Martig, Taehyun Kim, Justus Neumann, Miguel Querejeta

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The Time Inference with MUSE in Extragalactic Rings (TIMER) project is a survey with the VLT-MUSE integral-field spectrograph of 24 nearby barred galaxies with prominent central structures (e.g., nuclear rings or inner discs). The main goals of the project are: (i) estimating the cosmic epoch when discs of galaxies settle, leading to the formation of bars; (ii) testing the hypothesis whereby discs in more massive galaxies are assembled first; and (iii) characterising the history of external gas accretion in disc galaxies. We present details on the sample selection, observations, data reduction, and derivation of high-level data products, including stellar kinematics, ages and metallicities. We also derive star formation histories and physical properties and kinematics of ionised gas. We illustrate how this dataset can be used for a plethora of scientific applications, e.g., stellar feedback, outflows, nuclear and primary bars, stellar migration and chemical enrichment, and the gaseous and stellar dynamics of nuclear spiral arms, barlenses, box/peanuts and bulges. Amongst our first results - based on a few selected galaxies -, we show that the dynamics of nuclear rings and inner discs is consistent with the picture in which they are formed by bars, that the central few hundred parsecs in massive disc galaxies tend to show a pronounced peak in stellar metallicity, and that nuclear rings can efficiently prevent star formation in this region. Finally, we present evidence that star-bursting nuclear rings can be fed with low-metallicity gas from low-mass companions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-529
Number of pages24
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Early online date3 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • astro-ph.GA
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: ISM
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • galaxies: stellar content
  • galaxies: structure


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