Not all countries have embarked upon root-and-branch reforms of their political and administrative systems, despite some convergence among them, although environmental forces and trends facing them are similar. The aim of this chapter is to explore the reasons for this, arguing that the actions of governments are path dependent and context specific. Superficial similarities and a common rhetoric often conceal very different actions and responses to comon problems. So despite a great deal of mimetic isomorphism, there is a lot of variance 'in how political systems have interpreted the ideas and responded to the demands or opportunities for introducing administrative change'. In line with a neo-institutionalist approach, this chapter stresses the impact of institutions as shaping, facilitating or constraining effect on reforms, which are the result of actions taken by individuals or groups and their responses to the pressures acting upon them.
|Title of host publication||Staff participation and public management reform|
|Editors||David Farnham, Annie Hondeghem, Sylvia Horton|
|Place of Publication||Basingstoke|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|