Triazole bridges as versatile linkers in electron donor–acceptor conjugates

G. de Miguel, M. Wielopolski, D. Schuster, M. Fazio, O. Lee, C. Haley, A. Ortiz, L. Echegoyen, Tim Clark, D. Guldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aromatic triazoles have been frequently used as π-conjugated linkers in intramolecular electron transfer processes. To gain a deeper understanding of the electron-mediating function of triazoles, we have synthesized a family of new triazole-based electron donor–acceptor conjugates. We have connected zinc(II)porphyrins and fullerenes through a central triazole moiety—(ZnP–Tri–C60)—each with a single change in their connection through the linker. An extensive photophysical and computational investigation reveals that the electron transfer dynamics—charge separation and charge recombination—in the different ZnP–Tri–C60 conjugates reflect a significant influence of the connectivity at the triazole linker. Except for the m4m-ZnP–Tri–C6017, the conjugates exhibit through-bond photoinduced electron transfer with varying rate constants. Since the through-bond distance is nearly the same for all the synthesized ZnP–Tri–C60 conjugates, the variation in charge separation and charge recombination dynamics is mainly associated with the electronic properties of the conjugates, including orbital energies, electron affinity, and the energies of the excited states. The changes of the electronic couplings are, in turn, a consequence of the different connectivity patterns at the triazole moieties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13036-13054
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2011


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