Aromatic tuning facilitates stimulus-independent modulation of receptor output. The methodology is based upon the affinity of amphipathic aromatic residues, namely Trp and Tyr, for the polar/hydrophobic interfaces found within biological membranes. Here, we describe the application of aromatic tuning within the aspartate chemoreceptor of Escherichia coli (Tar). We have also employed the method within other related proteins, such as sensor histidine kinases (SHKs), and therefore hope other research groups find it useful to modulate signal output from their receptor of interest.
|Name||Methods in Molecular Biology|
- aromatic tuning
- stimulus-independent signaling
- signal output modulation
- signal pathway mapping
- polar/hydrophobic interfaces
- membrane-protein interactions