Tuning the reorganization energy of electron transfer in supramolecular ensembles - metalloporphyrin, oligophenylenevinylenes, and fullerene - and the impact on electron transfer kinetics

Christina Stangel, Christina Schubert, Susanne Kuhri, Georgios Rotas, Johannes T. Margraf, Elzbieta Regulska, Timothy Clark, Tomas Torres, Nikos Tagmatarchis, Athanassios G. Coutsolelos, Dirk M. Guldi

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Abstract

Oligo(p-phenylenevinylene) (oPPVs) wires of various lengths, featuring pyridyls at one terminal and C60 moieties at the other, have been used as molecular building blocks in combination with porphyrins to construct a novel class of electron donor-acceptor architectures. These architectures, which are based on non-covalent, directional interactions between the zinc centers of the porphyrins and the pyridyls, have been characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry. Complementary physico-chemical assays focused on the interactions between the electron donors and acceptors in the ground and excited states. In the ground state, which was probed by electrochemistry, absorption spectroscopy, etc. no appreciable electronic interactions were noted and, in turn, the electron acceptors are sufficiently decoupled from the electron donors. In the excited state, a different picture evolved. In particular, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence and transient absorption measurements revealed substantial interactions. The latter led, for example, on photoexcitation of the porphyrins to tunable intramolecular electron-transfer processes, that is, the oxidation of the porphyrin and the reduction of C60. In this regard, the largest impact stems from a rather strong distance dependence of the total reorganization energy in stark contrast to the distance independence seen for covalently linked conjugates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2597-2608
JournalNanoscale
Volume7
Issue number6
Early online date28 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2015

Keywords

  • molecular electronics
  • supramolecular chemistry
  • Charge transfer

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