Two-dimensional kinematics and dynamical modelling of the 'Jackpot' gravitational lens from deep MUSE observations

Hannah C. Turner*, Russell J. Smith, Thomas E. Collett

*Corresponding author for this work

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We present results from the first spatially resolved kinematic and dynamical modelling analysis of the unique SDSSJ0946+1006 ('Jackpot') triple-source lens system, where a single massive foreground galaxy multiple-images three background sources at different redshifts. Deep integral field unit spectroscopic data were obtained using the MUSE instrument on the VLT, which, compared to previous single-slit observations, provides full azimuthal area coverage, high sensitivity (5 h integration) and high angular resolution (0.5 arcsec full width at half-maximum). To account for the strong continuum contributions from the source, a multiple-component stellar template fitting technique is adopted to fit to the spectra of both the lens galaxy and the bright lensed background arc simultaneously. Through this, we robustly measure the first and second moments of the 2D stellar kinematics out to about 10 kpc from the centre of the lens, as well as resolving the inner profile inwards to ∼1 kpc. The 2D kinematic maps show a steep velocity dispersion gradient and a clear rotational component. We constrain the characteristic properties of the stellar and dark matter (DM) mass components with a sufficiently flexible parametrised dynamical model and an imposed lensing mass and find a DM density slope of, i.e. significantly steeper than an unmodified NFW profile () and consistent with a contracted DM halo. Our fitted models have a lensing-equivalent density slope of, and thus we confirm most pure lensing results in finding a near isothermal profile for this galaxy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3559-3575
Number of pages17
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Early online date24 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2024


  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • gravitational lensing: strong
  • UKRI
  • STFC
  • ST/T506047/1
  • ST/V506643/1
  • ST/T000244/1
  • ST/X001075/1

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