Unbounded quantum backflow in two dimensions

Maximilien Barbier, Arseni Goussev, Shashi C. L. Srivastava

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Quantum backflow refers to the counterintuitive fact that the probability can flow in the direction opposite to the momentum of a quantum particle. This phenomenon has been seen to be small and fragile for one-dimensional systems, in which the maximal amount of backflow has been found to be bounded. Quantum backflow exhibits dramatically different features in two-dimensional systems that, in contrast to the one-dimensional case, allow for degenerate energy eigenstates. Here we investigate the case of a charged particle that is confined to move on a finite disk punctured at the center and that is pierced through the center, and normally to the disk, by a magnetic flux line. We demonstrate that quantum backflow can be unbounded (in a certain sense), which makes this system a promising physical platform regarding the yet-to-be-performed experimental observation of this fundamental quantum phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032204
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2023

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