Unified Dark Matter scalar field models with fast transition

Daniele Bertacca, Marco Bruni, O. Piattella, Davide Pietrobon

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We investigate the general properties of Unified Dark Matter (UDM) scalar field models with Lagrangians with a non-canonical kinetic term, looking specifically for models that can produce a fast transition between an early Einstein-de Sitter CDM-like era and a later Dark Energy like phase, similarly to the barotropic fluid UDM models in JCAP01(2010)014. However, while the background evolution can be very similar in the two cases, the perturbations are naturally adiabatic in fluid models, while in the scalar field case they are necessarily non-adiabatic. The new approach to building UDM Lagrangians proposed here allows to escape the common problem of the fine-tuning of the parameters which plague many UDM models. We analyse the properties of perturbations in our model, focusing on the the evolution of the effective speed of sound and that of the Jeans length. With this insight, we can set theoretical constraints on the parameters of the model, predicting sufficient conditions for the model to be viable. An interesting feature of our models is that what can be interpreted as wDE can be < −1 without violating the null energy conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-18
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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