Use of In-Situ Methods

Richard Greenwood*, Graham A. Mills, Gary R. Fones, Kees J.M. Kramer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Marine Monitoring
Subtitle of host publicationPolicy Framework and Analytical Trends
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781119990826
ISBN (Print)9780470747650
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2012


  • Analysers based on FIA methods - pump, detector and narrow-bore tube manifold
  • Assessing impact of anthropogenic activities - monitoring wide range of properties of marine environment
  • Biofouling of instruments, optical and sensor surfaces - challenging all aquatic environments, and in nutrient-rich coastal waters
  • Biological early-warning systems (BEWSs) - detecting accidental spills, but not in detecting condition of aquatic environment
  • In-situ automatic analysers - approaches, for achieving in-situ measurements
  • Monitoring, used in forensic mode - detection of sources of pollution, sentinel to protect sensitive, vulnerable sites
  • Sensor, device producing measurable response - to change in physical condition
  • Spectroscopic- and spectrometric-based in-situ devices - in marine applications, measuring dissolved gases, nutrients and trace metals
  • Use of in-situ methods
  • Worldwide acknowledgement of need - monitoring concentrations of key nutrients, predicting effects of changes on global climate change

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