Virtual learning environments in Hong Kong and the digital design studio: when needs must

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


In November 2019, the unfolding social and political situation in Hong Kong (HK) forced the closure of university campuses. The situation extended in 2020 due to COVID-19, with HK responding to the pandemic’s earliest stage in February 2020. When face-to-face interaction was forbidden, traditional methods of engagement needed to be replaced with innovative, creative and technologically driven modes of teaching. This chapter examines the adoption of a virtual design studio (VDS) at the Caritas Institute of Higher Education (CIHE) in Hong Kong. Analysed data inform both positives and challenges of VDS adaptation and indicative of underlying issues regarding communication, interaction, isolation and need for re-approaching architectural education. These lessons learnt can be further applied at other higher education virtual design studios.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAgile Learning Environments amid Disruption
Subtitle of host publicationEvaluating Academic Innovations in Higher Education during COVID-19
EditorsMd Golam Jamil, Dawn A. Morley
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783030929794
ISBN (Print)9783030929787, 9783030929817
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2022


  • virtual design studio
  • design studio
  • technology-enhance learning
  • architecture education
  • virtual learning environments
  • COVID-19
  • online learning

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