Historic structures can be viewed as exposure trials of the stone of which they are constructed. As such, they represent a geomorphological weathering experiment. Several structures of Henrician (sixteenth century) and greater age on the coast of southwest England have been exposed to coastal salt weathering for 500–600 years. Long-term weathering rates on five different rock groups are derived from careful study of weathering depths and forms. There is significant variation in weathering rate between five major rock groups. Rank ordering of weathering rate values reveals a durability order of these rock groups, which is confirmed by local juxtapositions. Controls on rock durability in the coastal weathering environment include both mechanical and mineralogical characteristics. Specific density, and combined quartz and muscovite content, are positively related to durability; high feldspar and chlorite content are associated with low durability. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Number of pages
|Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
|Published - Sept 2000