Wetland conservation and sustainable coastal governance in Japan and England

Stephen Fletcher*, Midori Kawabe, Sonja Rewhorn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coastal wetlands present particular challenges for coastal governance and for the implementation of the Ramsar Convention, not least because coastal areas are focal points of human activity and of governance ambiguity. Through the evaluation of Ramsar delivery at both national and local levels in Japan and England, the relationship between Ramsar implementation and coastal governance was examined. In England, Ramsar status is primarily treated as a nature conservation designation which limits the wider opportunities inherent in the designation. In contrast, in Japan, the Ramsar Convention is used as a policy driver at the national level and as a leverage to encourage citizen engagement, economic benefit, and wetland conservation at the local level. It was concluded that through the implementation of the Ramsar Convention in important coastal wetland areas, significant steps can be taken towards delivering integrated approaches to coastal governance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)956-962
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2011


  • Coastal wetland conservation
  • England
  • Governance
  • Integrated coastal management
  • Japan
  • Ramsar Convention


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