Who is willing to share their AV? Insights about gender differences among seven countries

Amalia Polydoropoulou, Ioannis Tsouros*, Nikolas Thomopoulos, Cristina Pronello, Arnór Elvarsson, Haraldur Sigþórsson, Nima Dadashzadeh, Kristina Stojmenova, Jaka Sodnik, Stelios Neophytou, Domokos Esztergár-Kiss, Jamil Hamadneh, Graham Parkhurst, Shelly Etzioni, Yoram Shiftan, Floridea Di Ciommo

*Corresponding author for this work

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The introduction of shared autonomous vehicles into the transport system is suggested to bring significant impacts on traffic conditions, road safety and emissions, as well as overall reshaping travel behaviour. Compared with a private autonomous vehicle, a shared automated vehicle (SAV) is associated with different willingness-to-adopt and willingness-to-pay characteristics. An important aspect of future SAV adoption is the presence of other passengers in the SAV—often people unknown to the cotravellers. This study presents a cross-country exploration of user preferences and WTP calculations regarding mode choice between a private non-autonomous vehicle, and private and shared autonomous vehicles. To explore user preferences, the study launched a survey in seven European countries, including a stated-preference experiment of user choices. To model and quantify the effect of travel mode attributes and socio-demographic characteristics, the study employs a mixed logit model. The model results were the basis for calculating willingness-to-pay values for all countries and travel modes, and provide insight into the significant heterogeneous, gender-wise effect of cotravellers in the choice to use an SAV. The study results highlight the importance of analysis of the effect of SAV attributes and shared-ride conditions on the future acceptance and adoption rates of such services.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4769
Number of pages19
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2021


  • Autonomous Vehicles
  • Cross-national comparison
  • Gender
  • Shared Autonomous Vehicle (SAV)
  • Willingness-to-adopt
  • Willingness-to-pay (WTP)


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