Wideband electromagnetic dynamic acoustic transducers (WEMDATs) for aircoupled ultrasonic applications

Lei Kang, Andrew Feeney, Steve Dixon

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Abstract

Achieving sufficient energy transmission over a wide frequency range is a challenge which has restricted the application of many types of air-coupled ultrasonic transducer. Conventional transducer configurations such as the piezoelectric micromachined or flexural ultrasonic transducers can be considered as narrowband. This study reports a type of ultrasonic transducer, the wideband electromagnetic dynamic acoustic transducer (WEMDAT), which operates through a combination of electromagnetic induction and Lorentz force with dynamic behaviour of a micro-scale-thick conductive film. WEMDAT prototypes have been designed, fabricated and tested, showing their compatibility with both low and high power inputs, operating efficiently as a wideband transmitter from 46.4 kHz to 144.6 kHz with a good directivity. The WEMDAT has also been shown to operate effectively as a wideband ultrasonic receiver through measurement in a pitch-catch configuration. The WEMDAT prototypes possess an adjustable drive coil lift-off distance from the active membrane, providing flexibility for optimizing the sensitivity of the transducers for different input levels. The performance of the WEMDATs can be optimized, showing significant potential for air-coupled ultrasonic applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number053505
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume114
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2019

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