X-ray observations of optically selected giant elliptical–dominated galaxy groups

A. Voevodkin, C. Miller, K. Borozdin, K. Heitmann, S. Habib, P. Ricker, Bob Nichol

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We present a combined optical and X-ray analysis of three optically selected X-ray-bright groups with giant elliptical galaxies in the center. These massive ellipticals were targeted for XMM-Newton X-ray observations on the basis of their large-velocity dispersions and their proximity to a nearby ROSAT X-ray source. In addition, these targets are significantly brighter in the optical than their nearest neighbors. We show that one of these systems meets the standard criteria for a fossil group. While the other two systems have a prominent magnitude gap in the E/S0 ridgeline, they do not appear to have reached the fossil-like final stage of group evolution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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