Youth justice in England & Wales: past, present and future

Tom Ellis, Akira Kyo

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This article provides interested Japanese readers with an understanding of the key elements of youth justice in England and Wales. It outlines the historical development of a separate justice system for young offenders, including the flux between welfarist and justice-based approaches, the decline in youth crime and incarceration and indicators of how a new, more decentralised approach might mark a return of social responsibility for youth offending, rather than responsibilisation of the young offender. It concludes by suggesting that there is a need for a new treatment category for young adults, those between 18-25 years of age, in both England and Wales, and in Japan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-92
Number of pages28
JournalRyukoku Corrections and Rehabilitation Center Journal
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2019


  • youth justice
  • young adult
  • juvenile
  • Japan
  • England & Wales


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  • Japanese juveniles in transition

    Ellis, T., Kyo, A. & O'Neill, S. C., 13 Sept 2018, Incarcerated Youth Transitioning Back to the Community: International Perspectives. O'Neill, S. C. (ed.). New York: Springer Singapore, p. 131-147 17 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

    Open Access

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