AbstractFacilitated by the effects of globalisation, crime in the 21st century is increasingly transnational in nature and presents a significant challenge to a law enforcement apparatus which is traditionally geared towards operating within the confines of the nation-state. Crime has transcended state borders and has prompted an expansion of international law enforcement cooperation in an attempt to counter cross-border criminality. In doing so, traditional law enforcement actors have increasing collaborated with non-state, and non-law enforcement, bodies. International cooperation and multi-agency working has been especially enacted to combat crimes against children.
This thesis aims to examine the dynamics of multi-agency arrangements in different cultural and legal contexts with a view to assessing how different cultural and organisation factors affect multi-agency cooperation. This will be done with particular reference to those multi-agency arrangements that have a child protection focus, which operate in, and across multiple jurisdictions and are composed of a diverse range of state and non-state actors. In order to achieve this aim, the thesis will begin with an analysis of globalisation in order to identify specific elements which have aided transnational criminality but also the response to this criminality has been found in the multi-agency arrangement. To further this point, various methods and models of multi-agency working will be examined, each with their distinctive benefits and challenges.
A set of key factors and requirements of multi-agency working – both in a single country context and internationally – will be presented to the reader. These factors will then be identified and analysed in series of international multi-agency arrangements with a child protection remit. This sets the scene for a case study analysis of the Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre and the International Child Protection Network – two multi-agency arrangements established to combat crimes against children.
Through these case studies, the complexity and challenge of international working will be identified to the reader. However, the thesis will demonstrate that, if actors are willing to work together to overcome these challenges, multi-agency arrangements can be effective in compensating for the limitations of state-orientated policing and can bring significant operational benefits and positive outcomes.
|Date of Award||Jan 2013|
|Supervisor||Steve Savage (Supervisor) & Paul Norman (Supervisor)|