Constructing solutions of the ultra-discrete Painlevé equations

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

In this thesis we construct solutions of the first three ultra-discrete Painlevé equations (uPI-3, uPII-1, and uPIII) from initial conditions. We use simple saw-tooth functions as initial solution intervals. We show that any piece-wise linear solution interval for uPI-3 may be written in terms of simple saw-tooth functions. We then show that for a special case of solutions for uPI-3 generated from a compound initial solution interval Y(n), there exists a formula for the solution written in terms of the solutions generated from the component saw-tooth functions yi(n) into which Y(n) decomposes. We study the shapes produced by general solutions uPII-1 generated from saw-tooth initial solution intervals and show a method to determine the remaining number of shapes produced as n → ∞ from the point n, thus showing that there is a finite amount of theses shapes produced. We also study a special case of uPII-1 solutions dubbed "Staircase solutions" for the shape the solutions take when plotted. We construct a formula used to generate staircase type solutions of uPII-1 for α ε R. Finally we study the behaviour of general solutions of uPIII by examining the iterates of its solutions as they intersect specific boundary points.Two appendices may be found towards the end of the thesis, the first of which contains various proofs which are not included in the main body of the thesis. The second Appendix contains several pieces of Mathematical code which my be used to generate the graphs displayed in each chapter.
Date of AwardJan 2021
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorThomas Kecker (Supervisor), Andrew Burbanks (Supervisor) & Galina Filipuk (Supervisor)

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