Duty to consult
: quantifying critical incidents – assessing community impact

  • Adrian Patrick Bhatti

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


How do you acquire the ability to respond proportionately to incidents of
community tension? Who should aggregate early warning indicators to
identify potential issues? Where is the responsibility for ensuring that
emancipatory security practices safeguard tension and promote accurate
analysis without subjecting communities to excessive surveillance and
control? This thesis demonstrates the sustainability required to create a
paradigm shift in the management and application of tension monitoring by
the police. Achieved through broadening the current discussions of early
warning and tension monitoring, an evaluation and application of a systems based pragmatic approach is presented to address and resolve tension. The
method codifies an enhanced multi-criteria risk selection tool, reporting on
and triaging incidents, whilst building resiliency through community
mobilization. The relevance of security, agency and community has been
streamlined through collaborative inquiry enhancing best practice.
Communities and stakeholders are integrated into the response, with specific
application to Canadian Indigenous and human security issues. The potential
for improved situational intelligence and operational decision-making is
augmented using heuristic models of analysis. Based on applied systems
thinking the research explored the mapping of leverage points to fully
consider informed responses to complex situations. The impact of this
research is directly relevant to operational policing and non-government
organisations that work with Indigenous people and, more broadly, all
communities experiencing conflict.
Date of AwardSept 2016
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Portsmouth
SupervisorBarry Loveday (Supervisor) & Phil Clements (Supervisor)

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