Mediation and gangs
: a study of violence reduction in the Metropolitan Police area in London

  • Eric J. Phelps

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


Gang violence in London is an increasing problem that has gained momentum
in the last two decades. Finding workable solutions to reduce gang violence or
interventions in the current economic climate is a constant challenge for
practitioners. This study examines the use of mediation as a tactic for
reducing gang violence. Through data analysis, outcomes of this intervention
are explored. The initial research conducted shows that there is a significant
correlation between reductions in violent reoffending between those referred
for mediation and those not referred. Further analysis of 17 semi-structured
interviews conducted in the UK suggests that individuals do not have to
engage in the mediation process for it to have an effect. Very often, the fact
that an individual has been referred will be sufficient to deter continued violent
offending. This research suggests that the implications for practice requires a
unified co-ordinated response to violence that includes the proactive provision
of joined up activity from the authorities, such as education, housing, health,
social services and employment agencies. Their services need to be
adequately funded, properly resourced and intelligently delivered in order to
provide the necessary support required to end the cycle of gang related
violence and offending generally.
Date of AwardSept 2015
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Portsmouth
SupervisorPhil Clements (Supervisor) & Nick Pamment (Supervisor)

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