Security sector reform and the confusion and competition nexus
: the case of Kosovo

  • Anthony Cleland Welch

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


This work examines security sector reform (SSR) in post-conflict
states. It proposes that intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) are
significantly impeded in their pursuit of coherent and effective SSR
programmes by internal and external rivalry and contradictory
agendas. These difficulties occur at both systemic and actor levels.
Current institutional theory has little to say on the role of confusion,
rivalry and competition in shaping IGO behaviour when operating in
the security sector. As SSR is a crucial but challenging component
of peace building it is essential to identify the sources of these
influences, explain their impact, and suggest ways by which
impediments to SSR outcomes may be mitigated.
Using the 2006 Kosovo Internal Security Sector Review (ISSR) as a
case study, the thesis analyses how inter- and intra-IGO
relationships affect SSR. It explores the lack of a clear definition of
SSR and the dispute over its scope and application. It then evaluates
relationships between international and local actors and the efficacy
of SSR monitoring methods.
The thesis reveals that confusion, competition and rivalry are
common in a SSR programme. By diverting attention from the
objectives of SSR, inter-and intra-organisational and inter-personal
enmities are key factors in undermining security reform initiatives.
Dispute over the practical application of local ownership of SSR and
how programme effectiveness is measured serve also to dilute the
impact of SSR.
The thesis provides policy recommendations intended to reduce the
effects of inter-and intra-organisational rivalry and competition. It
proposes greater inclusion of the private sector and academic
institutions in the planning and execution of SSR. It suggests areas
where academics and practitioners might direct their efforts to
improve SSR planning, employment and evaluation thereby
producing a more effective approach to future security sector reform
Date of AwardMar 2011
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorTheresa Callan (Supervisor), Paul Flenley (Supervisor) & Wolfram Kaiser (Supervisor)

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