Security sector reform and the confusion and competition nexus
: the case of Kosovo

  • Anthony Cleland Welch

    Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


    This work examines security sector reform (SSR) in post-conflict
    states. It proposes that intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) are
    significantly impeded in their pursuit of coherent and effective SSR
    programmes by internal and external rivalry and contradictory
    agendas. These difficulties occur at both systemic and actor levels.
    Current institutional theory has little to say on the role of confusion,
    rivalry and competition in shaping IGO behaviour when operating in
    the security sector. As SSR is a crucial but challenging component
    of peace building it is essential to identify the sources of these
    influences, explain their impact, and suggest ways by which
    impediments to SSR outcomes may be mitigated.
    Using the 2006 Kosovo Internal Security Sector Review (ISSR) as a
    case study, the thesis analyses how inter- and intra-IGO
    relationships affect SSR. It explores the lack of a clear definition of
    SSR and the dispute over its scope and application. It then evaluates
    relationships between international and local actors and the efficacy
    of SSR monitoring methods.
    The thesis reveals that confusion, competition and rivalry are
    common in a SSR programme. By diverting attention from the
    objectives of SSR, inter-and intra-organisational and inter-personal
    enmities are key factors in undermining security reform initiatives.
    Dispute over the practical application of local ownership of SSR and
    how programme effectiveness is measured serve also to dilute the
    impact of SSR.
    The thesis provides policy recommendations intended to reduce the
    effects of inter-and intra-organisational rivalry and competition. It
    proposes greater inclusion of the private sector and academic
    institutions in the planning and execution of SSR. It suggests areas
    where academics and practitioners might direct their efforts to
    improve SSR planning, employment and evaluation thereby
    producing a more effective approach to future security sector reform
    Date of AwardMar 2011
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Portsmouth
    SupervisorTheresa Callan (Supervisor), Paul Flenley (Supervisor) & Wolfram Kaiser (Supervisor)

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