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Pterosaurs had 'ridiculously long' necks but could FLY carrying heavy prey, study finds

Press/Media: Research

Description

Research led by David Martill which has found the necks of pterosaurs were engineered in a similar way to bicycle spokes enabling the flying creatures to carry heavy prey.

Period14 Apr 2021 → 21 Apr 2021

References

TitleMonster pterosaurs could fly with freakishly long necks because of some really weird bones
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletSyiFi Wire
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date21/04/21
DescriptionAzhdarchid pterosaurs could somehow take off even though their necks were outlandishly long (not unlike the way many dragons are drawn). How they managed flight without those necks buckling remained a mystery until now. New research has revealed that trabeculae, connective bone structures inside their neck vertebrae, were arranged like the spokes of a bicycle wheel, even crossing over each other. These trabeculae strengthened the neck enough to stay aloft without adding much weight
Producer/AuthorElizabeth Rayne
URLhttps://www.syfy.com/syfywire/monster-pterosaurs-could-fly-with-freakishly-long-necks
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleThe giant pterosaurs had longer necks than giraffes. The complex structure discovered inside
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletDescopera
Media typeWeb
CountryRomania
Date21/04/21
DescriptionPterosaurs, some of the first and largest vertebrates to learn how to fly, have often been considered relatives of the notorious Tyrannosaurus rex. Now, scientists have discovered the 100-million-year-old secret to the success of flying pterosaurs
Producer/AuthorIoana Matei
URLhttps://www.descopera.ro/istorie/19703123-uriasii-pterozauri-aveau-gaturi-mai-lungi-decat-girafele-structura-complexa-descoperita-in-interior
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleLong necks of pterosaurs had special cross braces
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletTierwelt
Media typeWeb
CountrySwitzerland
Date20/04/21
DescriptionSome of the giant pterosaurs had longer necks than today's giraffes and in them very special vertebrae. Researchers have found that cross struts in the style of bicycle spokes ensure stability
URLhttps://www.tierwelt.ch/news/wildtiere/lange-haelse-von-flugsauriern-hatten-besondere-querstreben
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleHow the largest flying dinosaurs supported their oversized necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletArchynewsy
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date19/04/21
DescriptionResearch led by David Martill, has found the necks of pterosaurs were engineered in a similar way to bicycle spokes enabling the flying creatures to carry heavy prey
URLhttps://www.archynewsy.com/how-the-largest-flying-dinosaurs-supported-their-oversized-necks-science-news-the-right/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleBizarre neck bones helped the flying pterosaurs
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletOrigo
Media typeWeb
CountryHungary
Date18/04/21
DescriptionThe unique "structure" that the researchers have just studied is not similar to what has ever been seen in the vertebrae of any animal.
URLhttps://www.origo.hu/tudomany/20210418-kerekparok-kullojere-hasonlito-nyakcsontok-segitettek-a-pteroszauruszokat.html
PersonsDavid Martill
Title“Evolution shaped these creatures into awesome, breathtakingly efficient flyers.” Azhdarchid Pterosaurs
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletOrkney News
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date17/04/21
DescriptionLittle is known about azhdarchid pterosaurs, gigantic flying reptiles with impressive wingspans of up to 12 meters.
URLhttps://theorkneynews.scot/2021/04/17/evolution-shaped-these-creatures-into-awesome-breathtakingly-efficient-flyers-azhdarchid-pterosaurs/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleExplained: What does a new research say about the giraffe-like long necks of dinosaurs’ cousins?
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletNestia
Media typeWeb
CountrySingapore
Date17/04/21
DescriptionAzhdarchid pterosaurs, the giant reptiles that flew in the skies nearly 65 million years ago, had necks longer than that of a giraffe
URLhttps://news.nestia.com/detail/Explained%3A-What-does-a-new-research-say-about-the-giraffe-like-long-necks-of-dinosaurs%E2%80%99-cousins%3F/6498667
PersonsDavid Martill
TitlePterosaurs With Necks Like Giraffes Survived Flight Thanks To Spoke-Like Vertebrae
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletIFLS
Media typeWeb
CountryCanada
Date16/04/21
DescriptionThe genetic makeup of a gannet is arguably one of evolution’s finest creations. It gives rise to a body plan that is aerodynamic enough to fly, hydrodynamic enough to dive, and strong enough to survive plummeting into the ocean’s surface at speeds upwards of 50 mph.
Producer/AuthorRachael Funnell
URLhttps://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/pterosaurs-with-necks-like-giraffes-survived-flight-thanks-to-spokelike-vertebrae/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleUnique Bone Structure Helped Long-Necked Pterosaurs Fly
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletSmithsonian
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date16/04/21
DescriptionBicycle wheel-like spokes connected the vertebrae’s central column to its outer surface, offering serious strength
Producer/AuthorTheresa Machemer
URLhttps://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/unique-bone-structure-helped-long-necked-pterosaurs-fly-180977521/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleSpecial swivel for long necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletnews.ORF.at
Media typeWeb
CountryAustria
Date16/04/21
Descriptionome of the giant pterosaurs had longer necks than today's giraffes. The largest flying animals on earth therefore needed light but sturdy bones. Researchers have analyzed the cervical vertebrae of the pterosaur group Azhdarchidae: cross braces provided stability.
URLhttps://science.orf.at/stories/3205998/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleLong necks of pterosaurs had special cross braces
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletStuttgarter Nachrichten
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date16/04/21
DescriptionResearchers have analyzed the cervical vertebrae of the pterosaur group Azhdarchidae. The result is unlike anything previously seen in a vertebra of any animal.
URLhttps://www.stuttgarter-nachrichten.de/inhalt.palaeontologie-lange-haelse-von-flugsauriern-hatten-besondere-querstreben.8637e5b0-8106-4f57-a98f-d71d0fcad6f4.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleLong necks of pterosaurs had special cross braces
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletPassauer Neue Presse
Media typeWeb
CountryGermany
Date16/04/21
DescriptionSome of the giant pterosaurs had longer necks than today's giraffes and in them very special vertebrae. The largest flying animals on earth needed light but equally sturdy bones.
URLhttps://www.pnp.de/nachrichten/wissenschaft/Lange-Haelse-von-Flugsauriern-hatten-besondere-Querstreben-3964720.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleGigantic pterosaurs: "How do you build the skeleton for a giant aviator?"
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletberliner-zeitung.de
Media typeWeb
CountryGermany
Date16/04/21
DescriptionScientists have found that pterosaurs propped their long necks with bones built like bicycle wheels
Producer/AuthorChristian Schlueter
URLhttps://www.berliner-zeitung.de/gesundheit-oekologie/gigantische-flugsaurier-wie-baut-man-das-skelett-fuer-einen-riesenflieger-dinosaurier-pterosauria-azhdarchidae-biotechnik-iscience-university-of-portsmouth-david-martill-palaeontologie-marokko-li.153168
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleResearchers have analyzed the cervical vertebrae of the pterosaur group Azhdarchidae
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletAd Hoc News
Media typeWeb
CountryGermany
Date16/04/21
DescriptionLong necks of pterosaurs had special cross braces. The result is unlike anything previously seen in a vertebra of any animal
URLhttps://www.ad-hoc-news.de/wissenschaft/forscher-haben-halswirbel-der-flugsauriergruppe-azhdarchidae-analysiert/61439850
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleLong necks of pterosaurs had special cross braces
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletDülmener Zeitung
Media typeWeb
CountryGermany
Date16/04/21
DescriptionResearchers have analyzed the cervical vertebrae of the pterosaur group Azhdarchidae. The result is unlike anything previously seen in a vertebra of any animal
URLhttps://www.dzonline.de/Welt/Wissenschaft/4403691-Palaeontologie-Lange-Haelse-von-Flugsauriern-hatten-besondere-Querstreben?utm_source=RSS
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleMassive flying reptiles
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletTelengana Today
Media typeWeb
CountryIndia
Date16/04/21
DescriptionScientists examine ‘ridiculously long’ necks of pterosaurs
URLhttps://telanganatoday.com/massive-flying-reptiles
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleHow Flying Dinosaurs Supported Their Necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletArchynewsy
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date16/04/21
DescriptionScientists believe they have solved the riddle of the large flying dinosaurs, which had necks that could measure up to three meters in length.
URLhttps://www.archynewsy.com/science-how-flying-dinosaurs-supported-their-necks/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleBizarre Col Bones helped pterosaurs prop up their giraffe balls and huge heads
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletPress From
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date16/04/21
DescriptionDuring the dinosaur age, Azhdarchid pterosaurs - soaring reptiles that could grow as tall as airplanes - supported their absurdly long layers and large heads during flight Internal bone structure seen in their neck vertebrae, a new study finds
URLhttps://pressfrom.info/fr/actualite/culture/-964808-bizarre-col-bones-a-aide-les-pterosaures-a-soutenir-leurs-couilles-de-girafe-et-leurs-enormes-tetes.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitlePterosaurs Had A 40-Foot Wingspan And A Giraffe-Like Neck
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletScIence FRIday
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date16/04/21
DescriptionDuring the age of dinosaurs, there were all sorts of creatures flying through the air with different body shapes and sizes. One of those was a flying reptile called the azhdarchid pterosaur. This stork-like creature had the neck of a giraffe, and a 40-foot wingspan
URLhttps://www.sciencefriday.com/segments/flying-pterosaurs-neck/
PersonsDavid Martill, Nizar Ibrahim
TitleThe incredible 5-foot necks of flying reptiles from the age of dinosaurs
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletTu Otro Diario
Media typeWeb
CountrySpain
Date16/04/21
DescriptionArticulated through thin vertebrae with a complex spinal structure
URLhttps://www.tuotrodiario.com/divulgacion/20210416208310/reptiles-voladores-sostenian-grandes-cuellos
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleSpokes let dinos soar
Degree of recognitionNational
Media name/outletDaily Star
Media typePrint
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date15/04/21
DescriptionFlying dinosaurs called pterosaurs had neck bones with cross-struts, like spokes on a wheel, CT scans have revealed
URLhttps://printmonitoringservice.vuelio.co.uk/file/displaypdf?articleid=1492670&clientname=80796_UniversityofPortsmouth_PRINT&filename=514597821.pdf
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleBones like bike spokes helped make dinosaur's long neck strong
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletBBC
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date15/04/21
DescriptionPterosaurs are known for having had necks that were longer than a giraffe's, but up until now, exactly how the dinosaurs were able to support their necks while taking off and flying around with their heavy prey has remained a bit of a mystery.
URLhttps://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/56747228
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleLonger than a giraffe: how could this beast fly without breaking its neck?
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletABC Science
Media typeWeb
CountrySpain
Date15/04/21
DescriptionIf any creatures were designed to turn into a nightmare, they were the pterosaurs , giant flying reptiles with an impressive wingspan of up to 12 meters. Cousins ​​to dinosaurs and the largest animals that have ever flown, these now-extinct winged demons appeared about 225 million years ago. One of its most notable features was a disproportionate neck, longer than that of a giraffe. A team of British researchers has discovered how they managed to hold it: its thin vertebrae had an intricate internal structure never seen before
URLhttps://www.abc.es/ciencia/abci-mas-largo-jirafa-como-podia-esta-bestia-volar-sin-romperse-cuello-202104150117_noticia.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleFlying dinosaur's secret of flight uncovered
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletThe News
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date15/04/21
DescriptionPalaeontologists from UoP have uncovered the secret of the gigantic creature's ability to fly
URLhttps://printmonitoringservice.vuelio.co.uk/file/displaypdf?articleid=1493068&clientname=80796_UniversityofPortsmouth_PRINT&filename=514628539.pdf
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleAnatomical secrets of ‘ridiculously long’ pterosaur necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletCosmos Magazine
Media typeWeb
CountryAustralia
Date15/04/21
DescriptionScientists discover unique anatomical quirk that enabled giant, flying pterosaurs to support their long necks.
Producer/AuthorAmalyah Hart
URLhttps://cosmosmagazine.com/history/palaeontology/anatomical-secrets-of-ridiculously-long-pterosaur-necks/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleDecipher the secret of the prehistoric flying giant monster
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletThoi Bao
Media typeWeb
CountryVietnam
Date15/04/21
DescriptionThe Pterosaur is one of the first and largest vertebrates capable of flying. This prehistoric monster is often considered the brother of Tyrannosaurus rex
URLhttps://thoibaotoday.info/paper/giai-ma-bi-mat-ve-quai-vat-khong-lo-biet-bay-thoi-tien-su-4683679
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleDecipher the secret of the 'flying monster' that is longer neck than a giraffe
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletViet Bao
Media typeWeb
CountryVietnam
Date15/04/21
DescriptionFrom intact 100 million-year-old fossils discovered in Morocco, researchers have for the first time clarified the secret of the Triassic giant flying dinosaurs.
URLhttps://vietbao.vn/the-gioi-dong-vat-47/giai-ma-bi-mat-cua-quai-vat-bay-co-dai-hon-huou-cao-co-55787.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleThe pterosaurs had longer necks than a giraffe's
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletHotNews
Media typeWeb
CountryRomania
Date15/04/21
DescriptionPterosaurs, one of the first and largest vertebrates to learn to fly, have often been seen as cousins ​​of the infamous Tyrannosaurus rex
URLhttps://science.hotnews.ro/stiri-arheologie-24735604-pterozaurii-aveau-gaturi-mai-lungi-decat-ale-unei-girafe.htm
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleHow the world's largest flying animals supported their giant necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletFrance24
Media typeWeb
CountryFrance
Date15/04/21
DescriptionAzhdarchid pterosaurs were massive flying reptiles that soared the skies in the age of the dinosaurs, using their long bills to pick out their prey of fish and other rival animals.
URLhttps://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20210414-how-the-world-s-largest-flying-animals-supported-their-giant-necks
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleHow Did the World's Largest Flying Mammals Support 10-ft Long Necks? Scientists Have an Answer
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletYahoo! India
Media typeWeb
CountryIndia
Date15/04/21
DescriptionAzhdarchid pterosaurs were massive flying reptiles that soared across the skies in the age of the dinosaurs, using their long bills to pick out their prey of fish and other river animals. One of the most intriguing things about them has been the extreme length of their necks — estimated at up to three meters (10 feet), which is longer than a giraffe’s and raised questions about how the animals could support its weight without snapping
URLhttps://in.finance.yahoo.com/news/did-worlds-largest-flying-mammals-015554627.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleHow Did the World's Largest Flying Mammals Support 10-ft Long Necks? Scientists Have an Answer
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletYahoo! News
Media typeWeb
CountryIndia
Date15/04/21
DescriptionAzhdarchid pterosaurs were massive flying reptiles that soared across the skies in the age of the dinosaurs, using their long bills to pick out their prey of fish and other river animals. One of the most intriguing things about them has been the extreme length of their necks — estimated at up to three meters (10 feet), which is longer than a giraffe’s and raised questions about how the animals could support its weight without snapping. By studying well-preserved vertebrae specimens excavated from Morocco, a team of scientists think they have the answer: a complex assemblage of extremely light yet weight-bearing spokes inside the bones.
URLhttps://in.news.yahoo.com/did-worlds-largest-flying-mammals-015554627.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleBizarre bones helped giant pterosaurs straighten up and fly light
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletNew Atlas
Media typeWeb
CountryAustralia
Date15/04/21
DescriptionWhile dinosaurs roamed the Earth, flying reptiles called pterosaurs ruled the skies above. These included the largest animals to ever take flight, and a new study has uncovered some of the biological secrets that helped them grow so large. CT scans have revealed that the neck vertebrae of giant pterosaurs had a unique supporting structure never seen in any other animal.
Producer/AuthorMichael Irving
URLhttps://newatlas.com/science/giant-pterosaur-vertebrae-structure/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleThe long neck of the pterosaur, supported by the bones of "bicycle spokes"
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletAFPBB News
Media typeWeb
CountryJapan
Date15/04/21
DescriptionA giant pterosaur belonging to the Azhdarchidae that was flying in the sky when dinosaurs lived. One of the interesting features is its extremely long neck, which surpasses the giraffe. It was estimated to be up to 3 meters long, raising the question of how it supported the weight of the head without breaking the neck.
URLhttps://www.afpbb.com/articles/-/3342238?cx_part=ranking_likecount
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleHow gigantic dinosaurs with 'ridiculously long' necks could FLY: Pterosaurs had spoke-like vertebrae that allowed them to take off while carrying heavy prey, study finds
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletDaily Mail
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date14/04/21
DescriptionMassive dinosaurs with 'ridiculously long necks' were able to take to the sky and carry large prey while flying due to spoked vertebrae, according to a new study
Producer/AuthorRyan Morrison
URLhttps://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-9470113/Pterosaurs-spoked-vertebrae-allowed-carrying-heavy-prey-study-finds.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleFlying giant pterosaurs had longer neck than a giraffe, say experts
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletThe Guardian
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date14/04/21
DescriptionIntact remains, discovered in Morocco, may help engineers create stronger lightweight structures
Producer/AuthorRhi Storer
URLhttps://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/apr/14/flying-giant-pterosaurs-long-necks-experts
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleGigantic flying reptile with ‘ridiculously long’ neck was ‘unlike anything seen before’ Read more: https://metro.co.uk/2021/04/14/giant-flying-reptiles-ridiculously-long-neck-unlike-anything-else-14385430/?ito=cbshare Twitter: https://twitter.com/MetroUK | Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MetroUK/
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletMetro
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date14/04/21
DescriptionHundreds of millions of years ago, gigantic flying reptiles with ‘ridiculously long’ necks soared through the skies and hunted prey.
Producer/AuthorKatherine Hignett
URLhttps://metro.co.uk/2021/04/14/giant-flying-reptiles-ridiculously-long-neck-unlike-anything-else-14385430/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleRevealed: the hidden spokes that helped the pterosaur soar
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletThe National
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
Date14/04/21
DescriptionHighly evolved, never-before-seen vertebra helped keep the weight down for the cumbersome reptile
Producer/AuthorSimon Rushton
URLhttps://www.thenationalnews.com/world/europe/revealed-the-hidden-spokes-that-helped-the-pterosaur-soar-1.1203074
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleNew structure explains how pterosaurs supported neck while flying
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletGalileu
Media typeWeb
CountryBrazil
Date14/04/21
DescriptionPaleontologists have discovered an intricate structure inside the animal's vertebrae that helps increase the weight supported by its neck by 90% during flights
URLhttps://revistagalileu.globo.com/Ciencia/noticia/2021/04/estrutura-inedita-explica-como-pterossauros-sustentavam-pescoco-ao-voar.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleMassive flying pterosaurs had spoked vertebrae to support especially long necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletUnited Press International
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionWith wingspans of nearly 40 feet, the biggest azhdarchid pterosaur species were the largest animals to ever take to the skies. Even more impressive, the largest species boasted necks as long as eight feet and heads stretching nearly five feet -- like a big-headed giraffe with wings.
Producer/AuthorBrooks Hays
URLhttps://www.upi.com/Science_News/2021/04/14/britain-azhdarchid-pterosaurs-long-neck-vertebrae-spoke/4961618416056/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleSecret of Sustained Pterosaur Flight Found in Its Unique Bone Structure, Study Finds
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletCourthouse News Service
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionThe ancient creatures with astonishing wingspans of up to 39 feet were able to support themselves in flight thanks to the remarkable bones in their necks.
Producer/AuthorJon Parton
URLhttps://www.courthousenews.com/secret-of-sustained-pterosaur-flight-found-in-its-unique-bone-structure-study-finds/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleScientists discover secret of pterosaur's 'ridiculously long' neck
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletThis is Money
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date14/04/21
DescriptionPalaeontologists have discovered the secret to the success of the flying pterosaur with a neck longer than a giraffe.
URLhttps://www.thisismoney.co.uk/wires/pa/article-9470929/Scientists-discover-secret-pterosaur-s-ridiculously-long-neck.html
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleFinding: discover how flying reptiles held their large necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletLa Nacion
Media typeWeb
CountryMexico
Date14/04/21
DescriptionWith this it was explained how they were able to hold huge heads on longer necks than those of the giraffe
URLhttps://www.lanacion.com.ar/ciencia/hallazgo-descubren-como-los-reptiles-voladores-sostenian-sus-grandes-cuellos-nid14042021/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleResearchers Say the Largest Flying Creature in History Had a Neck Longer Than a Giraffe’s
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletComplex
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionFor years paleontologists have wondered, as we all have, how gigantic flying azhdarchid pterosaurs could have been able to carry away large prey while simultaneously supporting their pencil necks. Now the mystery has been solved.
Producer/AuthorGavin Evans
URLhttps://www.complex.com/life/researchers-largest-flying-creature-in-history-had-neck-longer-than-giraffes
PersonsDavid Martill
TitlePterosaur had streaked vertebrae to support giant neck
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletRevista Planeta
Media typeWeb
CountryBrazil
Date14/04/21
DescriptionInternal structure of the cervical vertebrae of the pterosaurs of the Azhdarchidae family, whose neck surpassed that of giraffes in size, is unlike anything that had been seen before
URLhttps://www.revistaplaneta.com.br/pterossauro-tinha-vertebras-raiadas-para-apoiar-pescoco-gigante/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleDinosaurs: Pterosaurs had ‘ridiculously long’ necks but could FLY carrying heavy prey, study finds
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletNewsColony.com
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionMassive dinosaurs with ‘ridiculously long necks’ were able to take to the sky and carry large prey while flying due to spoked vertebrae, according to a new study.
URLhttps://newscolony.com/dinosaurs-pterosaurs-had-ridiculously-long-necks-but-could-fly-carrying-heavy-prey-study-finds/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleGiant Flying Pterosaurs Had Neck Longer Than Giraffe, Experts Say
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletTech2.org
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionPterosaurs, one of the first and largest vertebrates to learn to fly, have often been viewed as the genius cousins ​​of the infamous Tyrannosaurus rex.

Now scientists have discovered the 100-million-year-old secret to the flying pterosaur’s success: a neck longer than a giraffe
URLhttps://tech2.org/giant-flying-pterosaurs-had-neck-longer-than-giraffe-experts-say-dinosaurs/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleGigantic flying pterosaurs had spoked vertebrae to support their ‘ridiculously long’ necks
Media name/outletsortiwa.com
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionLittle is known about azhdarchid pterosaurs, gigantic flying reptiles with impressive wingspans of up to 12 meters. Cousins of dinosaurs and the largest animals ever to fly, they first appeared in the fossil record in the Late Triassic about 225 million years ago and disappeared again at the end of the Cretaceous period about 66 million years ago. One of their most notable features for such a large flighted animal was a neck longer than that of a giraffe
URLhttps://sortiwa.com/gigantic-flying-pterosaurs-had-spoked-vertebrae-to-support-their-ridiculously-long-necks-sciencedaily/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleScientists discover secret of pterosaur’s ‘ridiculously long’ neck
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletNewsChain
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited Kingdom
Date14/04/21
DescriptionPalaeontologists have discovered the secret to the success of the flying pterosaur with a neck longer than a giraffe
URLhttps://www.newschainonline.com/news/scientists-discover-amazing-secret-of-pterosaurs-ridiculously-long-neck-149514
PersonsDavid Martill
TitlePterosaurs had spoked vertebrae that allowed them to take off
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletBig World Tale
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionHow gigantic dinosaurs with ‘ridiculously long’ necks could FLY: Pterosaurs had spoke-like vertebrae that allowed them to take off while carrying heavy prey, study finds
URLhttps://bigworldtale.com/science/pterosaurs-had-spoked-vertebrae-that-allowed-them-to-take-off/
PersonsDavid Martill
Title“Unlike Anything Seen Before” – Gigantic Flying Pterosaurs Had Spoked Vertebrae to Support Their “Ridiculously Long” Necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletSciTechDaily
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionLittle is known about azhdarchid pterosaurs, gigantic flying reptiles with impressive wingspans of up to 12 meters. Cousins of dinosaurs and the largest animals ever to fly, they first appeared in the fossil record in the Late Triassic about 225 million years ago and disappeared again at the end of the Cretaceous period about 66 million years ago. One of their most notable features for such a large flighted animal was a neck longer than that of a giraffe.
URLhttps://scitechdaily.com/unlike-anything-seen-before-gigantic-flying-pterosaurs-had-spoked-vertebrae-to-support-their-ridiculously-long-necks/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleFlying reptiles held large necks with spiral vertebrae
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletInfobae
Media typeWeb
CountryArgentina
Date14/04/21
DescriptionAzhidrchid pterosaurs, gigantic flying reptiles with a wingspan of up to 12 meters, had thin vertebrae in their necks with an intricate spiral structure never seen before
URLhttps://www.infobae.com/america/agencias/2021/04/14/ciencia-reptiles-voladores-sostenian-grandes-cuellos-con-vertebras-en-espiral/
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleThis pterosaur supported its giant neck with bones built like bicycle wheels
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletsciencemag.org
Media typeWeb
CountryUnited States
Date14/04/21
DescriptionAbout 100 million years ago, gigantic flying reptiles with necks longer than those of giraffes cruised the skies of modern-day Morocco
Producer/AuthorRodrigo Pérez Ortega
URLhttps://www.sciencemag.org/news/2021/04/pterosaur-supported-its-giant-neck-bones-built-bicycle-wheels
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleHow The World's Largest Flying Animals Supported Their Giant Necks
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletInternational Business Times
Media typeWeb
CountryAustralia
Date14/04/21
DescriptionAzhdarchid pterosaurs were massive flying reptiles that soared across the skies in the age of the dinosaurs, using their long bills to pick out their prey of fish and other river animals.
URLhttps://www.ibtimes.com.au/how-worlds-largest-flying-animals-supported-their-giant-necks-1704406?utm_source=Public&utm_medium=Feed&utm_campaign=Distribution
PersonsDavid Martill
TitleUltralight based on the bicycle principle
Degree of recognitionInternational
Media name/outletSpektrum der Wissenschaft
Media typeWeb
CountryGermany
Date14/04/21
DescriptionThe cervical vertebrae of the pterosaurs were almost completely hollow. Nevertheless, they withstood the tremendous leverage of their long necks
URLhttps://www.spektrum.de/news/pterosaurier-flugsaurier-hatten-ultraleichte-knochen/1859242
PersonsDavid Martill

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