I studied Psychology as an undergraduate here in Portsmouth, where I worked on various projects concerning communication and cognition in primates, domestic dogs, and sun bears. I then went on to study for an MSc in Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology at the University of St Andrews, where my dissertation work explored tool-use learning in lister hooded rats. I have now returned to Portsmouth, where I am focused on elucidating the evolutionary origins of language by examining vocal development in chimpanzees. Concurrently, I am also working on early vocal development in human infants. My research interests are very broad, and might be most concisely summarised as an interest in the joint contribution of evolutionary and developmental processes to behaviour, cognition, and communication.