Skip to content

Professor Kim Bard

Professor of Comparative Developmental Psychology

Kim Bard


Kim A Bard is Professor of Comparative Developmental Psychology.  Prior to arriving at Portsmouth in 1999, she was a  Research Scientist at Yerkes National Primate Research Center of Emory University, where she investigated the roles of emotion and socialization in early development, and designed a Responsive Care Nursery for chimpanzees to enhance their species-typical development.  She received her BA with Honours in Psychology from Wheaton College, MA, USA and her MA and PhD in Comparative /Developmental Psychology from Georgia State University, GA, USA, the latter based on fieldwork with orangutans in Borneo, Indonesia. She is an Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society, and Past President of the Primate Society of Great Britain and the European Federation for Primatology.  Currently, she sits on the Advisory Board of Primates, is an Associate Editor for Animal Cognition, Section Editor for PLOS ONE, and sits of the Editorial Boards for American Journal of Primatology, Emotion Review, and Child Development Perspectives.  Prof. Bard has published 95 peer-reviewed journal articles and 44 book chapters.  Bard is the author of Responsive Care: Behavioral Intervention for Nursery-Reared Chimpanzees and a co-editor (with Heidi Keller) of The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development.

Research Interests

Kim Bard's research concerns understanding the process of development in evolution. The study of these abilities across species leads to better understanding of the precursors, contexts, and sequelae of social cognition in human development, as exemplified in the following studies:

1.  Bard, K.A. & Hopkins, W.D. (2018).  Early socio-emotional intervention mediates long-term effects of atypical rearing on structural co-variation in gray matter in adult chimpanzees.  Psychological Science, 29, 594-603.

2.  Morelli, G., Bard, K.A., Chaudhary, N., Gottlieb, A., Keller, H., Murray, M., Quinn, N., Rosabal-Coto, M., Scheidecker, G., Takada, A., & Vicedo, M. (2018).  Bringing the real world into developmental science:  A Commentary on Weber, Fernald, & Diop (2017).  Child Development, 89(6), e594-e603.

3.  Keller, H., Bard, K.A., Morelli, G., Chaudhary, N., Vicedo, M., Rosabal-Coto, M., Scheidecker, G., Murray, M., & Gottlieb, A. (2018).  The myth of universal sensitive responsiveness: Comment on Mesman et al., (2017). Child Development, 89(5), 1921-1928.  

4.  Leavens, D.A., Bard, K.A., & Hopkins, W.D. (2017).  The mismeasure of ape social cognition.  Animal Cognition.  DOI 10.1007/s10071-017-1119-1

5.  Bard, K.A. & Leavens, D.A. (2014).  The importance of development for comparative primatology.  Annual Review of Anthropology, 43, 183-200.

6.  Bard, K.A., Bakeman, R., Boysen, S.T. & Leavens, D.A. (2014). Emotional engagements enhance and predict social cognition in young chimpanzees. Developmental Science, 17:5, 682-696.

ID: 15856