Dr Marco Bruni
Reader in Cosmology and Gravitation
I studied physics at the University of Rome “La Sapienza” where I graduated in 1987, with a thesis on colliding gravitational waves, supervised by Valeria Ferrari. I then obtained a studentship from SISSA (Trieste, Italy) where I worked with George Ellis on covariant and gauge-invariant cosmological perturbations, completing my PhD in 1991. After postdocs in QMUL (London), ICTP and SISSA (Trieste), and Cardiff, in 1999 I joined the Relativity and Cosmology Group of the mathematics department at the University of Portsmouth as senior lecturer. In 2002 I became member of the newly formed Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation. In 2005 I was awarded a two year visiting professorship by the Italian government, which I spent at the University of Rome “Tor Vergata”. In 2006 I was promoted to reader. I have lectured undergraduates and postgraduate students in the UK, Italy, Greece and India, I have published over 50 scientific papers in international journals and given talks in four continents (Australians I need an invitation!). I am a keen photographer/traveller/mountaineer.
My current interests focus on the modelling of the late universe. The universe is observed to expand at an accelerated rate, with structures - from galaxies to clusters of thousands of galaxies and giant voids of hundreds of light years across - arranged in a cosmic web that started to form and evolved since soon after the ``big bang". I am particularly interested in two aspects. These structures evolved from small fluctuations into a non-linear regime, and this process has been so far investigated assuming a Newtonian approximation: I would like to understand the unavoidable contribution from Einstein general relativity theory that must arise on the largest scales. Within general relativity, the simplest explanation for the observed accelerated expansion is a constant form of "dark energy", Einstein cosmological constant. However, an evolving form of dark energy may exist, possibly interacting with dark matter, responsible for structure formation. I therefore also work on models of dark energy and its interaction, or unified dark matter models where a single dark component tries to explain both the acceleration and structure formation. The beauty of this physics is that it will be put to severe tests by galaxy surveys of the next decade. I also worked on exact solutions of Einstein equations, and in general I am interested in applications of exact and approximated methods in general relativity and cosmology. I made pioneering work on second-order relativistic perturbation theory and considered applications in cosmology as well as to neutron stars.