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A comparison of the quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment Score and the National Early Warning Score in non-ICU patients with/without infection

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Objectives - The Sepsis-3 task force recommended the quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment score for identifying patients with suspected infection who are at greater risk of poor outcomes, but many hospitals already use the National Early Warning Score to identify high-risk patients, irrespective of diagnosis. We sought to compare the performance of quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment and National Early Warning Score in hospitalized, non-ICU patients with and without an infection.

Design - Retrospective cohort study.

Setting - Large U.K. General Hospital.

Patients - Adults hospitalized between January 1, 2010, and February 1, 2016.

Interventions - None.

Measurements and main results - We applied the quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment score and National Early Warning Score to 5,435,344 vital signs sets (241,996 hospital admissions). Patients were categorized as having no infection, primary infection, or secondary infection using International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition codes. National Early Warning Score was significantly better at discriminating in-hospital mortality, irrespective of infection status (no infection, National Early Warning Score 0.831 [0.825-0.838] vs quick Sequential [Sepsis-Related] Organ Failure Assessment 0.688 [0.680-0.695]; primary infection, National Early Warning Score 0.805 [0.799-0.812] vs quick Sequential [Sepsis-Related] Organ Failure Assessment 0.677 [0.670-0.685]). Similarly, National Early Warning Score performed significantly better in all patient groups (all admissions, emergency medicine admissions, and emergency surgery admissions) for all outcomes studied. Overall, quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment performed no better, and often worse, in admissions with infection than without.

Conclusions - The National Early Warning Score outperforms the quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment score, irrespective of infection status. These findings suggest that quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment should be reevaluated as the system of choice for identifying non-ICU patients with suspected infection who are at greater risk of poor outcome.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Early online date20 Aug 2018
DOIs
StateEarly online - 20 Aug 2018

Documents

  • qSOFA vs. NEWS

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 1 MB, PDF-document

    Due to publisher’s copyright restrictions, this document is not freely available to download from this website until: 20/08/19

    Licence: CC BY-NC

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