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A Dark Energy camera search for missing supergiants in the LMC after the advanced LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914

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A Dark Energy camera search for missing supergiants in the LMC after the advanced LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914. / Annis, J.; Soares-Santos, M.; Berger, E.; Brout, D.; Chen, H.; Chornock, R.; Cowperthwaite, P. S.; Diehl, H. T.; Doctor, Z.; Drlica-Wagner, A.; Drout, M. R.; Farr, B.; Finley, D. A.; Flaugher, B.; Foley, R. J.; Frieman, J.; Gruendl, R. A.; Herner, K.; Holz, D.; Kessler, R.; Lin, H.; Marriner, J.; Neilsen, E.; Rest, A.; Sako, M.; Smith, M.; Smith, N.; Sobreira, F.; Walker, A. R.; Yanny, B.; Abbott, T. M. C.; Abdalla, F. B.; Allam, S.; Benoit-Levy, A.; Bernstein, R. A.; Bertin, E.; Buckley-Geer, E.; Burke, D. L.; Capozzi, D.; Rosell, A. Carnero; Kind, M. Carrasco; Carretero, J.; Castander, F. J.; Cenko, S. B.; Crocce, M.; Cunha, C. E.; D'Andrea, C. B.; D'Andrea, C. B.; Costa, L. N. da; Desai, S.; Dietrich, J. P.; Eifler, T. F.; Evrard, A. E.; Fernandez, E.; Fischer, J.; Fong, W.; Fosalba, P.; Fox, D. B.; Fryer, C. L.; Garcia-Bellido, J.; Gaztanaga, E.; Gerdes, D. W.; Goldstein, D. A.; Gruen, D.; Gutierrez, G.; Honscheid, K.; James, D. J.; Karliner, I.; Kasen, D.; Kent, S.; Kuehn, K.; Kuropatkin, N.; Lahav, O.; Li, T. S.; Lima, M.; Maia, M. A. G.; Martini, P.; Metzger, B. D.; Miller, C. J.; Miquel, R.; Mohr, J. J.; Nichol, R. C.; Nord, B.; Ogando, R.; Peoples, J.; Plazas, A. A.; Quataert, E.; Romer, A. K.; Roodman, A.; Rykoff, E. S.; Sanchez, E.; Santiago, B.; Scarpine, V.; Schindler, R.; Schubnell, M.; Sevilla-Noarbe, I.; Sheldon, E.; Smith, R. C.; Stebbins, A.; Swanson, M. E. C.; Tarle, G.; Thaler, J.; Thomas, R. C.; Tucker, D. L.; Vikram, V.; Wechsler, R. H.; Weller, J.; Wester, W.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 823, No. 2, 27.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Annis, J, Soares-Santos, M, Berger, E, Brout, D, Chen, H, Chornock, R, Cowperthwaite, PS, Diehl, HT, Doctor, Z, Drlica-Wagner, A, Drout, MR, Farr, B, Finley, DA, Flaugher, B, Foley, RJ, Frieman, J, Gruendl, RA, Herner, K, Holz, D, Kessler, R, Lin, H, Marriner, J, Neilsen, E, Rest, A, Sako, M, Smith, M, Smith, N, Sobreira, F, Walker, AR, Yanny, B, Abbott, TMC, Abdalla, FB, Allam, S, Benoit-Levy, A, Bernstein, RA, Bertin, E, Buckley-Geer, E, Burke, DL, Capozzi, D, Rosell, AC, Kind, MC, Carretero, J, Castander, FJ, Cenko, SB, Crocce, M, Cunha, CE, D'Andrea, CB, D'Andrea, CB, Costa, LND, Desai, S, Dietrich, JP, Eifler, TF, Evrard, AE, Fernandez, E, Fischer, J, Fong, W, Fosalba, P, Fox, DB, Fryer, CL, Garcia-Bellido, J, Gaztanaga, E, Gerdes, DW, Goldstein, DA, Gruen, D, Gutierrez, G, Honscheid, K, James, DJ, Karliner, I, Kasen, D, Kent, S, Kuehn, K, Kuropatkin, N, Lahav, O, Li, TS, Lima, M, Maia, MAG, Martini, P, Metzger, BD, Miller, CJ, Miquel, R, Mohr, JJ, Nichol, RC, Nord, B, Ogando, R, Peoples, J, Plazas, AA, Quataert, E, Romer, AK, Roodman, A, Rykoff, ES, Sanchez, E, Santiago, B, Scarpine, V, Schindler, R, Schubnell, M, Sevilla-Noarbe, I, Sheldon, E, Smith, RC, Stebbins, A, Swanson, MEC, Tarle, G, Thaler, J, Thomas, RC, Tucker, DL, Vikram, V, Wechsler, RH, Weller, J & Wester, W 2016, 'A Dark Energy camera search for missing supergiants in the LMC after the advanced LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 823, no. 2. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/823/2/L34

APA

Annis, J., Soares-Santos, M., Berger, E., Brout, D., Chen, H., Chornock, R., Cowperthwaite, P. S., Diehl, H. T., Doctor, Z., Drlica-Wagner, A., Drout, M. R., Farr, B., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Foley, R. J., Frieman, J., Gruendl, R. A., Herner, K., Holz, D., ... Wester, W. (2016). A Dark Energy camera search for missing supergiants in the LMC after the advanced LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 823(2). https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/823/2/L34

Vancouver

Annis J, Soares-Santos M, Berger E, Brout D, Chen H, Chornock R et al. A Dark Energy camera search for missing supergiants in the LMC after the advanced LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2016 May 27;823(2). https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/823/2/L34

Author

Annis, J. ; Soares-Santos, M. ; Berger, E. ; Brout, D. ; Chen, H. ; Chornock, R. ; Cowperthwaite, P. S. ; Diehl, H. T. ; Doctor, Z. ; Drlica-Wagner, A. ; Drout, M. R. ; Farr, B. ; Finley, D. A. ; Flaugher, B. ; Foley, R. J. ; Frieman, J. ; Gruendl, R. A. ; Herner, K. ; Holz, D. ; Kessler, R. ; Lin, H. ; Marriner, J. ; Neilsen, E. ; Rest, A. ; Sako, M. ; Smith, M. ; Smith, N. ; Sobreira, F. ; Walker, A. R. ; Yanny, B. ; Abbott, T. M. C. ; Abdalla, F. B. ; Allam, S. ; Benoit-Levy, A. ; Bernstein, R. A. ; Bertin, E. ; Buckley-Geer, E. ; Burke, D. L. ; Capozzi, D. ; Rosell, A. Carnero ; Kind, M. Carrasco ; Carretero, J. ; Castander, F. J. ; Cenko, S. B. ; Crocce, M. ; Cunha, C. E. ; D'Andrea, C. B. ; D'Andrea, C. B. ; Costa, L. N. da ; Desai, S. ; Dietrich, J. P. ; Eifler, T. F. ; Evrard, A. E. ; Fernandez, E. ; Fischer, J. ; Fong, W. ; Fosalba, P. ; Fox, D. B. ; Fryer, C. L. ; Garcia-Bellido, J. ; Gaztanaga, E. ; Gerdes, D. W. ; Goldstein, D. A. ; Gruen, D. ; Gutierrez, G. ; Honscheid, K. ; James, D. J. ; Karliner, I. ; Kasen, D. ; Kent, S. ; Kuehn, K. ; Kuropatkin, N. ; Lahav, O. ; Li, T. S. ; Lima, M. ; Maia, M. A. G. ; Martini, P. ; Metzger, B. D. ; Miller, C. J. ; Miquel, R. ; Mohr, J. J. ; Nichol, R. C. ; Nord, B. ; Ogando, R. ; Peoples, J. ; Plazas, A. A. ; Quataert, E. ; Romer, A. K. ; Roodman, A. ; Rykoff, E. S. ; Sanchez, E. ; Santiago, B. ; Scarpine, V. ; Schindler, R. ; Schubnell, M. ; Sevilla-Noarbe, I. ; Sheldon, E. ; Smith, R. C. ; Stebbins, A. ; Swanson, M. E. C. ; Tarle, G. ; Thaler, J. ; Thomas, R. C. ; Tucker, D. L. ; Vikram, V. ; Wechsler, R. H. ; Weller, J. ; Wester, W. / A Dark Energy camera search for missing supergiants in the LMC after the advanced LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 823, No. 2.

Bibtex

@article{314e8e8d4b3c421e84b6fe20bb0febf8,
title = "A Dark Energy camera search for missing supergiants in the LMC after the advanced LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914",
abstract = "The collapse of a stellar core is expected to produce gravitational waves (GWs), neutrinos, and in most cases a luminous supernova. Sometimes, however, the optical event could be significantly less luminous than a supernova and a direct collapse to a black hole, where the star just disappears, is possible. The GW event GW150914 was detected by the LIGO Virgo Collaboration via a burst analysis that gave localization contours enclosing the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Shortly thereafter, we used DECam to observe 102 deg2 of the localization area, including 38 deg2 on the LMC for a missing supergiant search. We construct a complete catalog of LMC luminous red supergiants, the best candidates to undergo invisible core collapse, and collected catalogs of other candidates: less luminous red supergiants, yellow supergiants, blue supergiants, luminous blue variable stars, and Wolf–Rayet stars. Of the objects in the imaging region, all are recovered in the images. The timescale for stellar disappearance is set by the free-fall time, which is a function of the stellar radius. Our observations at 4 and 13 days after the event result in a search sensitive to objects of up to about 200 solar radii. We conclude that it is unlikely that GW150914 was caused by the core collapse of a relatively compact supergiant in the LMC, consistent with the LIGO Collaboration analyses of the gravitational waveform as best interpreted as a high mass binary black hole merger. We discuss how to generalize this search for future very nearby core-collapse candidates.",
keywords = "astro-ph.HE, astro-ph.CO, galaxies: individual (LMC), gravitational waves, Magellanic Clouds, supergiants, supemovae: general, RCUK, STFC",
author = "J. Annis and M. Soares-Santos and E. Berger and D. Brout and H. Chen and R. Chornock and Cowperthwaite, {P. S.} and Diehl, {H. T.} and Z. Doctor and A. Drlica-Wagner and Drout, {M. R.} and B. Farr and Finley, {D. A.} and B. Flaugher and Foley, {R. J.} and J. Frieman and Gruendl, {R. A.} and K. Herner and D. Holz and R. Kessler and H. Lin and J. Marriner and E. Neilsen and A. Rest and M. Sako and M. Smith and N. Smith and F. Sobreira and Walker, {A. R.} and B. Yanny and Abbott, {T. M. C.} and Abdalla, {F. B.} and S. Allam and A. Benoit-Levy and Bernstein, {R. A.} and E. Bertin and E. Buckley-Geer and Burke, {D. L.} and D. Capozzi and Rosell, {A. Carnero} and Kind, {M. Carrasco} and J. Carretero and Castander, {F. J.} and Cenko, {S. B.} and M. Crocce and Cunha, {C. E.} and D'Andrea, {C. B.} and D'Andrea, {C. B.} and Costa, {L. N. da} and S. Desai and Dietrich, {J. P.} and Eifler, {T. F.} and Evrard, {A. E.} and E. Fernandez and J. Fischer and W. Fong and P. Fosalba and Fox, {D. B.} and Fryer, {C. L.} and J. Garcia-Bellido and E. Gaztanaga and Gerdes, {D. W.} and Goldstein, {D. A.} and D. Gruen and G. Gutierrez and K. Honscheid and James, {D. J.} and I. Karliner and D. Kasen and S. Kent and K. Kuehn and N. Kuropatkin and O. Lahav and Li, {T. S.} and M. Lima and Maia, {M. A. G.} and P. Martini and Metzger, {B. D.} and Miller, {C. J.} and R. Miquel and Mohr, {J. J.} and Nichol, {R. C.} and B. Nord and R. Ogando and J. Peoples and Plazas, {A. A.} and E. Quataert and Romer, {A. K.} and A. Roodman and Rykoff, {E. S.} and E. Sanchez and B. Santiago and V. Scarpine and R. Schindler and M. Schubnell and I. Sevilla-Noarbe and E. Sheldon and Smith, {R. C.} and A. Stebbins and Swanson, {M. E. C.} and G. Tarle and J. Thaler and Thomas, {R. C.} and Tucker, {D. L.} and V. Vikram and Wechsler, {R. H.} and J. Weller and W. Wester",
note = "6 pages, 3 figures, as submitted",
year = "2016",
month = may,
day = "27",
doi = "10.3847/2041-8205/823/2/L34",
language = "English",
volume = "823",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal Letters",
issn = "2041-8205",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Dark Energy camera search for missing supergiants in the LMC after the advanced LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914

AU - Annis, J.

AU - Soares-Santos, M.

AU - Berger, E.

AU - Brout, D.

AU - Chen, H.

AU - Chornock, R.

AU - Cowperthwaite, P. S.

AU - Diehl, H. T.

AU - Doctor, Z.

AU - Drlica-Wagner, A.

AU - Drout, M. R.

AU - Farr, B.

AU - Finley, D. A.

AU - Flaugher, B.

AU - Foley, R. J.

AU - Frieman, J.

AU - Gruendl, R. A.

AU - Herner, K.

AU - Holz, D.

AU - Kessler, R.

AU - Lin, H.

AU - Marriner, J.

AU - Neilsen, E.

AU - Rest, A.

AU - Sako, M.

AU - Smith, M.

AU - Smith, N.

AU - Sobreira, F.

AU - Walker, A. R.

AU - Yanny, B.

AU - Abbott, T. M. C.

AU - Abdalla, F. B.

AU - Allam, S.

AU - Benoit-Levy, A.

AU - Bernstein, R. A.

AU - Bertin, E.

AU - Buckley-Geer, E.

AU - Burke, D. L.

AU - Capozzi, D.

AU - Rosell, A. Carnero

AU - Kind, M. Carrasco

AU - Carretero, J.

AU - Castander, F. J.

AU - Cenko, S. B.

AU - Crocce, M.

AU - Cunha, C. E.

AU - D'Andrea, C. B.

AU - D'Andrea, C. B.

AU - Costa, L. N. da

AU - Desai, S.

AU - Dietrich, J. P.

AU - Eifler, T. F.

AU - Evrard, A. E.

AU - Fernandez, E.

AU - Fischer, J.

AU - Fong, W.

AU - Fosalba, P.

AU - Fox, D. B.

AU - Fryer, C. L.

AU - Garcia-Bellido, J.

AU - Gaztanaga, E.

AU - Gerdes, D. W.

AU - Goldstein, D. A.

AU - Gruen, D.

AU - Gutierrez, G.

AU - Honscheid, K.

AU - James, D. J.

AU - Karliner, I.

AU - Kasen, D.

AU - Kent, S.

AU - Kuehn, K.

AU - Kuropatkin, N.

AU - Lahav, O.

AU - Li, T. S.

AU - Lima, M.

AU - Maia, M. A. G.

AU - Martini, P.

AU - Metzger, B. D.

AU - Miller, C. J.

AU - Miquel, R.

AU - Mohr, J. J.

AU - Nichol, R. C.

AU - Nord, B.

AU - Ogando, R.

AU - Peoples, J.

AU - Plazas, A. A.

AU - Quataert, E.

AU - Romer, A. K.

AU - Roodman, A.

AU - Rykoff, E. S.

AU - Sanchez, E.

AU - Santiago, B.

AU - Scarpine, V.

AU - Schindler, R.

AU - Schubnell, M.

AU - Sevilla-Noarbe, I.

AU - Sheldon, E.

AU - Smith, R. C.

AU - Stebbins, A.

AU - Swanson, M. E. C.

AU - Tarle, G.

AU - Thaler, J.

AU - Thomas, R. C.

AU - Tucker, D. L.

AU - Vikram, V.

AU - Wechsler, R. H.

AU - Weller, J.

AU - Wester, W.

N1 - 6 pages, 3 figures, as submitted

PY - 2016/5/27

Y1 - 2016/5/27

N2 - The collapse of a stellar core is expected to produce gravitational waves (GWs), neutrinos, and in most cases a luminous supernova. Sometimes, however, the optical event could be significantly less luminous than a supernova and a direct collapse to a black hole, where the star just disappears, is possible. The GW event GW150914 was detected by the LIGO Virgo Collaboration via a burst analysis that gave localization contours enclosing the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Shortly thereafter, we used DECam to observe 102 deg2 of the localization area, including 38 deg2 on the LMC for a missing supergiant search. We construct a complete catalog of LMC luminous red supergiants, the best candidates to undergo invisible core collapse, and collected catalogs of other candidates: less luminous red supergiants, yellow supergiants, blue supergiants, luminous blue variable stars, and Wolf–Rayet stars. Of the objects in the imaging region, all are recovered in the images. The timescale for stellar disappearance is set by the free-fall time, which is a function of the stellar radius. Our observations at 4 and 13 days after the event result in a search sensitive to objects of up to about 200 solar radii. We conclude that it is unlikely that GW150914 was caused by the core collapse of a relatively compact supergiant in the LMC, consistent with the LIGO Collaboration analyses of the gravitational waveform as best interpreted as a high mass binary black hole merger. We discuss how to generalize this search for future very nearby core-collapse candidates.

AB - The collapse of a stellar core is expected to produce gravitational waves (GWs), neutrinos, and in most cases a luminous supernova. Sometimes, however, the optical event could be significantly less luminous than a supernova and a direct collapse to a black hole, where the star just disappears, is possible. The GW event GW150914 was detected by the LIGO Virgo Collaboration via a burst analysis that gave localization contours enclosing the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Shortly thereafter, we used DECam to observe 102 deg2 of the localization area, including 38 deg2 on the LMC for a missing supergiant search. We construct a complete catalog of LMC luminous red supergiants, the best candidates to undergo invisible core collapse, and collected catalogs of other candidates: less luminous red supergiants, yellow supergiants, blue supergiants, luminous blue variable stars, and Wolf–Rayet stars. Of the objects in the imaging region, all are recovered in the images. The timescale for stellar disappearance is set by the free-fall time, which is a function of the stellar radius. Our observations at 4 and 13 days after the event result in a search sensitive to objects of up to about 200 solar radii. We conclude that it is unlikely that GW150914 was caused by the core collapse of a relatively compact supergiant in the LMC, consistent with the LIGO Collaboration analyses of the gravitational waveform as best interpreted as a high mass binary black hole merger. We discuss how to generalize this search for future very nearby core-collapse candidates.

KW - astro-ph.HE

KW - astro-ph.CO

KW - galaxies: individual (LMC)

KW - gravitational waves

KW - Magellanic Clouds

KW - supergiants

KW - supemovae: general

KW - RCUK

KW - STFC

U2 - 10.3847/2041-8205/823/2/L34

DO - 10.3847/2041-8205/823/2/L34

M3 - Article

VL - 823

JO - Astrophysical Journal Letters

JF - Astrophysical Journal Letters

SN - 2041-8205

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 4767624