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A different conversation: psychological research and the problem of self in autism

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A different conversation: psychological research and the problem of self in autism. / Fasulo, Alessandra.

In: Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 03.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

APA

Fasulo, A. (Accepted/In press). A different conversation: psychological research and the problem of self in autism. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science.

Vancouver

Fasulo A. A different conversation: psychological research and the problem of self in autism. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science. 2019 Oct 3.

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Bibtex

@article{d6405637215947e497f66dc7557a31e0,
title = "A different conversation: psychological research and the problem of self in autism",
abstract = "Observations about peculiarities in the autistic population concerning type and frequency of references to subjective states, and lack of perspective taking, have been on the whole referred to as the paradox of the autistic self, i.e. a co-presence of ego-centeredness and weak self-referentiality (Lombardo & Baron Cohen 2012). Prevalent approaches in autism ascribe these peculiarities to high order disfunctions caused by neurological factors, such as defective self-encoding processes. Two narratives told by an adult man with Asperger during counselling are examined with Conversation Analysis; the analysis identifies features that may lead to descriptions like the paradox of autistic self, but also reveals competences related to perspective-taking and narrative construction. Drawing on Bruner’s narrative theory, as well on recent interactional research on autism and the psychology of self, it is suggested that a relatively limited practice with narrative co-construction might be at the origin of the peculiarities observed. A socio-developmental approach to the understanding of autism not only can provide explanations compatible with first and second person accounts of life with autism, but can also open new paths for researching ways of self-construction that are less reliant on social interaction. The article finally challenges assumptions in psychological research about the ability of humans to access their internal states, and discusses how such assumptions can deter understanding of atypical populations",
keywords = "Autism, Paradox of autistic self, Conversation Analysis, Jerome Bruner, Self, Narrative",
author = "Alessandra Fasulo",
note = "12 month embargo",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "3",
language = "English",
journal = "Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science",
issn = "1932-4502",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A different conversation: psychological research and the problem of self in autism

AU - Fasulo, Alessandra

N1 - 12 month embargo

PY - 2019/10/3

Y1 - 2019/10/3

N2 - Observations about peculiarities in the autistic population concerning type and frequency of references to subjective states, and lack of perspective taking, have been on the whole referred to as the paradox of the autistic self, i.e. a co-presence of ego-centeredness and weak self-referentiality (Lombardo & Baron Cohen 2012). Prevalent approaches in autism ascribe these peculiarities to high order disfunctions caused by neurological factors, such as defective self-encoding processes. Two narratives told by an adult man with Asperger during counselling are examined with Conversation Analysis; the analysis identifies features that may lead to descriptions like the paradox of autistic self, but also reveals competences related to perspective-taking and narrative construction. Drawing on Bruner’s narrative theory, as well on recent interactional research on autism and the psychology of self, it is suggested that a relatively limited practice with narrative co-construction might be at the origin of the peculiarities observed. A socio-developmental approach to the understanding of autism not only can provide explanations compatible with first and second person accounts of life with autism, but can also open new paths for researching ways of self-construction that are less reliant on social interaction. The article finally challenges assumptions in psychological research about the ability of humans to access their internal states, and discusses how such assumptions can deter understanding of atypical populations

AB - Observations about peculiarities in the autistic population concerning type and frequency of references to subjective states, and lack of perspective taking, have been on the whole referred to as the paradox of the autistic self, i.e. a co-presence of ego-centeredness and weak self-referentiality (Lombardo & Baron Cohen 2012). Prevalent approaches in autism ascribe these peculiarities to high order disfunctions caused by neurological factors, such as defective self-encoding processes. Two narratives told by an adult man with Asperger during counselling are examined with Conversation Analysis; the analysis identifies features that may lead to descriptions like the paradox of autistic self, but also reveals competences related to perspective-taking and narrative construction. Drawing on Bruner’s narrative theory, as well on recent interactional research on autism and the psychology of self, it is suggested that a relatively limited practice with narrative co-construction might be at the origin of the peculiarities observed. A socio-developmental approach to the understanding of autism not only can provide explanations compatible with first and second person accounts of life with autism, but can also open new paths for researching ways of self-construction that are less reliant on social interaction. The article finally challenges assumptions in psychological research about the ability of humans to access their internal states, and discusses how such assumptions can deter understanding of atypical populations

KW - Autism

KW - Paradox of autistic self

KW - Conversation Analysis

KW - Jerome Bruner

KW - Self

KW - Narrative

M3 - Article

JO - Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science

JF - Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science

SN - 1932-4502

ER -

ID: 15777376