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A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies

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A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies. / Scoboria, Alan; Wade, Kimberley; Lindsay, D. Stephen; Azad, Tanjeem; Strange, Deryn; Ost, James; Hyman, Ira E.

In: Memory, Vol. 25, No. 2, 02.2017, p. 146-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Scoboria, A, Wade, K, Lindsay, DS, Azad, T, Strange, D, Ost, J & Hyman, IE 2017, 'A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies', Memory, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 146-163. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747

APA

Scoboria, A., Wade, K., Lindsay, D. S., Azad, T., Strange, D., Ost, J., & Hyman, I. E. (2017). A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies. Memory, 25(2), 146-163. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747

Vancouver

Scoboria A, Wade K, Lindsay DS, Azad T, Strange D, Ost J et al. A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies. Memory. 2017 Feb;25(2):146-163. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747

Author

Scoboria, Alan ; Wade, Kimberley ; Lindsay, D. Stephen ; Azad, Tanjeem ; Strange, Deryn ; Ost, James ; Hyman, Ira E. / A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies. In: Memory. 2017 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 146-163.

Bibtex

@article{e966d793678c4d93930b298f3e30890a,
title = "A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies",
abstract = "Understanding that suggestive practices can promote false beliefs and false memories for childhood events is important in many settings (e.g., psychotherapeutic, medical, legal). The generalizability of findings from memory implantation studies has been questioned due to variability in estimates across studies. Such variability is partly due to false memories having been operationalized differently across studies and to differences in memory induction techniques. We explored ways of defining false memory based on memory science and developed a reliable coding system that we applied to reports from eight published implantation studies (N=423). Independent raters coded transcripts using seven criteria: accepting the suggestion, elaboration beyond the suggestion, imagery, coherence, emotion, memory statements, and not rejecting the suggestion. Using this scheme, 30.4% of cases were classified as false memories and another 23% were classified as having accepted the event to some degree. When the suggestion included self-relevant information, an imagination procedure, and was not accompanied by a photo depicting the event, the memory formation rate was 46.1%. Our research demonstrates a useful procedure for systematically combining data that are not amenable to meta-analysis, and provides the most valid estimate of false memory formation and associated moderating factors within the implantation literature to date.",
author = "Alan Scoboria and Kimberley Wade and Lindsay, {D. Stephen} and Tanjeem Azad and Deryn Strange and James Ost and Hyman, {Ira E.}",
year = "2017",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "146--163",
journal = "Memory",
issn = "0965-8211",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A mega-analysis of memory reports from eight peer-reviewed false memory implantation studies

AU - Scoboria, Alan

AU - Wade, Kimberley

AU - Lindsay, D. Stephen

AU - Azad, Tanjeem

AU - Strange, Deryn

AU - Ost, James

AU - Hyman, Ira E.

PY - 2017/2

Y1 - 2017/2

N2 - Understanding that suggestive practices can promote false beliefs and false memories for childhood events is important in many settings (e.g., psychotherapeutic, medical, legal). The generalizability of findings from memory implantation studies has been questioned due to variability in estimates across studies. Such variability is partly due to false memories having been operationalized differently across studies and to differences in memory induction techniques. We explored ways of defining false memory based on memory science and developed a reliable coding system that we applied to reports from eight published implantation studies (N=423). Independent raters coded transcripts using seven criteria: accepting the suggestion, elaboration beyond the suggestion, imagery, coherence, emotion, memory statements, and not rejecting the suggestion. Using this scheme, 30.4% of cases were classified as false memories and another 23% were classified as having accepted the event to some degree. When the suggestion included self-relevant information, an imagination procedure, and was not accompanied by a photo depicting the event, the memory formation rate was 46.1%. Our research demonstrates a useful procedure for systematically combining data that are not amenable to meta-analysis, and provides the most valid estimate of false memory formation and associated moderating factors within the implantation literature to date.

AB - Understanding that suggestive practices can promote false beliefs and false memories for childhood events is important in many settings (e.g., psychotherapeutic, medical, legal). The generalizability of findings from memory implantation studies has been questioned due to variability in estimates across studies. Such variability is partly due to false memories having been operationalized differently across studies and to differences in memory induction techniques. We explored ways of defining false memory based on memory science and developed a reliable coding system that we applied to reports from eight published implantation studies (N=423). Independent raters coded transcripts using seven criteria: accepting the suggestion, elaboration beyond the suggestion, imagery, coherence, emotion, memory statements, and not rejecting the suggestion. Using this scheme, 30.4% of cases were classified as false memories and another 23% were classified as having accepted the event to some degree. When the suggestion included self-relevant information, an imagination procedure, and was not accompanied by a photo depicting the event, the memory formation rate was 46.1%. Our research demonstrates a useful procedure for systematically combining data that are not amenable to meta-analysis, and provides the most valid estimate of false memory formation and associated moderating factors within the implantation literature to date.

U2 - 10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747

DO - 10.1080/09658211.2016.1260747

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 146

EP - 163

JO - Memory

JF - Memory

SN - 0965-8211

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 5001190