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A transverse isotropic constitutive model for the aortic valve tissue incorporating rate-dependency and fibre dispersion: application to biaxial deformation

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This paper presents a continuum-based transverse isotropic model incorporating rate-dependency and fibre dispersion, applied to the planar biaxial deformation of aortic valve (AV) specimens under various stretch rates. The rate dependency of the mechanical behaviour of the AV tissue under biaxial deformation, the (pseudo-) invariants of the right Cauchy-Green deformation-rate tensor View the MathML sourceĊ associated with fibre dispersion, and a new fibre orientation density function motivated by fibre kinematics are presented for the first time. It is shown that the model captures the experimentally observed deformation of the specimens, and characterises a shear-thinning behaviour associated with the dissipative (viscous) kinematics of the matrix and the fibres. The application of the model for predicting the deformation behaviour of the AV under physiological rates is illustrated and an example of the predicted σ−λσ−λ curves is presented. While the development of the model was principally motivated by the AV biomechanics requisites, the comprehensive theoretical approach employed in the study renders the model suitable for application to other fibrous soft tissues that possess similar rate-dependent and structural attributes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-93
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume85
Early online date26 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

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    Licence: CC BY-NC-ND

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