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Are you for real? Exploring language use and unexpected process questions within the detection of identity deception

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

The current study was to test whether Reality Monitoring and language use could distinguish identity liars from truth tellers when answering outcome questions and unexpected process questions. Truth tellers (n = 30) and liars (n = 30) discussed their identity in a recruitment interview. No differences emerged between truth tellers and liars in the details they provided. In terms of language use, liars used more positive language than truth tellers, whilst truth tellers used more cognitive process words than liars. However, neither were more pronounced when asking process questions. Overall, process questions elicited more cognitive process and cause words than outcome questions. Therefore, process questions may be able to contribute to the cognitive load approach. The findings suggest that Reality Monitoring may not be diagnostic when applied to identity deception. We discuss the
language use differences in relation to Impression Management theory.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Early online date8 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online - 8 Aug 2018

Documents

  • Language Use in Identity Deception

    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Jupe LM, Vrij A, Leal S, Nahari G. Are you for real? Exploring language use and unexpected process questions within the detection of identity deception. Appl Cognit Psychol. 2018, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3446. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 0.98 MB, PDF document

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