Augerinoichnus helicoidalis, a new helical trace fossil from the Nonmarine Permian of New Mexico
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New Mexico contains a signiﬁcant record of trace fossil assemblages, in terms of both abundance and ichnodiversity, from Lower Permian non-marine depositional settings. Most notable amongst these are the trace fossil assemblages in the Robledo Mountains Formation of the Robledo Mountains in Dona Ana County, southern New Mexico, as recognized by the recent proposal to designate this area as a national monument. These trace fossil assemblages formed on a tidal ﬂat under largely non-marine conditions (Mack and James, 1986; Hunt et al., 1993; Lucas et al., 1995a, 1998) and are dominated by the trackways of tetrapods and arthropods, yielding important information on the paleoecology, diversity and behavior of late Paleozoic arthropods (Braddy and Briggs, 2002; Minter and Braddy, 2006a), as well as evidence of specialized foraging strategies (Minter et al., 2006). Additional Lower Permian trace fossil assemblages occur at a number of localities in New Mexico and represent a variety of non-marine depositional settings. The material described herein represents a new ichnogenus of helical burrow, named Augerinoichnus helicoidalis, and is recurrent across Lower Permian localities in New Mexico (Fig. 1). Augerinoichnus occurs in tidal ﬂat settings from the Robledo Mountains Formation of the Robledo Mountains (Mack and James, 1986; Hunt et al., 1993; Lucas et al., 1995a, 1998), ﬂuviodeltaic coastal plain settings from the Robledo Mountains Formation of the Don˜a Ana Mountains in southern New Mexico (Lucas et al., 1995b), and ﬂoodplain sandﬂat settings from the Abo Formation of Can˜oncito de la Uva in the Joyita Hills of central New Mexico (Hunt et al., 1995), the McLeod Hills of central New Mexico (Lucas et al., 1995c), and the Fra Cristobal Mountains of central New Mexico (Lucas et al., 2005). The report of this new ichnogenus provides important paleoecological information on foraging strategies in nonmarine paleoenvironments, as well as further evidence for the occurrence of trace fossils in non-marine settings similar to those considered indicative of deep marine depositional settings.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Palaeontology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2008|
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