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Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment

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Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment. / Miller, L. C.; Bard, K. A.; Juno, C. J.; Nadler, R. D.

In: Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology, Vol. 47, No. 2-3, 01.01.1986, p. 128-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Miller, LC, Bard, KA, Juno, CJ & Nadler, RD 1986, 'Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment', Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology, vol. 47, no. 2-3, pp. 128-142. https://doi.org/10.1159/000156270

APA

Miller, L. C., Bard, K. A., Juno, C. J., & Nadler, R. D. (1986). Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment. Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology, 47(2-3), 128-142. https://doi.org/10.1159/000156270

Vancouver

Miller LC, Bard KA, Juno CJ, Nadler RD. Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment. Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology. 1986 Jan 1;47(2-3):128-142. https://doi.org/10.1159/000156270

Author

Miller, L. C. ; Bard, K. A. ; Juno, C. J. ; Nadler, R. D. / Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment. In: Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology. 1986 ; Vol. 47, No. 2-3. pp. 128-142.

Bibtex

@article{10b4d9f8cb4b4a02b97f4aa350f59826,
title = "Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment",
abstract = "Behavioral responsiveness to a novel environment was documented in 22 chimpanzees grouped according to age; 6-months, 1-year, 2-years and 5-years. An attachment figure, a human caretaker, accompanied each subject during the 15-min test sessions so as to preclude confounding of responses to novelty with separation responses. Extreme distress reported previously for chimpanzees and human children when tested alone in a novel situation was rarely observed in these tests when an attachment figure was present. Stereotyped rocking, an indication of mild distress occurred more frequently in the younger animals. Younger animals engaged in distal visual exploration of the environment while remaining close to the attachment figure, whereas the older animals locomoted more frequently and explored the environment directly with their hands. Repeated exposure to the environment reduced the differences among the 6-month, 1-year and 2-year groups. The 6-month group, however, continued to locomote least and least frequently engaged in tactile exploration. These data on chimpanzees resemble data on human children which suggest that an attachment figure: attenuates the distress exhibited by young individuals of these species when exposed to novel stimuli, and thereby provides a secure base which supports the exploration of novel stimuli, a prerequisite to behavioral adaptation.",
author = "Miller, {L. C.} and Bard, {K. A.} and Juno, {C. J.} and Nadler, {R. D.}",
year = "1986",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1159/000156270",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "128--142",
journal = "Folia Primatologica",
issn = "0015-5713",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",
number = "2-3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Behavioral responsiveness of young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) to a novel environment

AU - Miller, L. C.

AU - Bard, K. A.

AU - Juno, C. J.

AU - Nadler, R. D.

PY - 1986/1/1

Y1 - 1986/1/1

N2 - Behavioral responsiveness to a novel environment was documented in 22 chimpanzees grouped according to age; 6-months, 1-year, 2-years and 5-years. An attachment figure, a human caretaker, accompanied each subject during the 15-min test sessions so as to preclude confounding of responses to novelty with separation responses. Extreme distress reported previously for chimpanzees and human children when tested alone in a novel situation was rarely observed in these tests when an attachment figure was present. Stereotyped rocking, an indication of mild distress occurred more frequently in the younger animals. Younger animals engaged in distal visual exploration of the environment while remaining close to the attachment figure, whereas the older animals locomoted more frequently and explored the environment directly with their hands. Repeated exposure to the environment reduced the differences among the 6-month, 1-year and 2-year groups. The 6-month group, however, continued to locomote least and least frequently engaged in tactile exploration. These data on chimpanzees resemble data on human children which suggest that an attachment figure: attenuates the distress exhibited by young individuals of these species when exposed to novel stimuli, and thereby provides a secure base which supports the exploration of novel stimuli, a prerequisite to behavioral adaptation.

AB - Behavioral responsiveness to a novel environment was documented in 22 chimpanzees grouped according to age; 6-months, 1-year, 2-years and 5-years. An attachment figure, a human caretaker, accompanied each subject during the 15-min test sessions so as to preclude confounding of responses to novelty with separation responses. Extreme distress reported previously for chimpanzees and human children when tested alone in a novel situation was rarely observed in these tests when an attachment figure was present. Stereotyped rocking, an indication of mild distress occurred more frequently in the younger animals. Younger animals engaged in distal visual exploration of the environment while remaining close to the attachment figure, whereas the older animals locomoted more frequently and explored the environment directly with their hands. Repeated exposure to the environment reduced the differences among the 6-month, 1-year and 2-year groups. The 6-month group, however, continued to locomote least and least frequently engaged in tactile exploration. These data on chimpanzees resemble data on human children which suggest that an attachment figure: attenuates the distress exhibited by young individuals of these species when exposed to novel stimuli, and thereby provides a secure base which supports the exploration of novel stimuli, a prerequisite to behavioral adaptation.

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U2 - 10.1159/000156270

DO - 10.1159/000156270

M3 - Article

C2 - 3583150

AN - SCOPUS:0022844578

VL - 47

SP - 128

EP - 142

JO - Folia Primatologica

JF - Folia Primatologica

SN - 0015-5713

IS - 2-3

ER -

ID: 11455521