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Building a new image of Africa: ‘dissident states’ and the emergence of French neo-colonialism in the aftermath of decolonisation

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In 1958, the French state lost control over two of its former African territories, Guinea and Togo. This loss of control was, at first instance, complete, although the Togolese leaders soon found a working relationship with Paris. In the period between the loi-cadre and the establishment of the new government of Charles de Gaulle, such events came as a shock to the French officials. However, they had to cope with the new political circumstances, and they did this by slowly formulating a new policy instead of intervening directly. The French experience with such “dissident states” influenced strongly how those officials would in the future interpret the situation in sub-Saharan Africa. French policy-makers would begin to see Africa as a battleground between friends and foes, between pro-Communist traitors and loyal partners.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-530
Number of pages18
JournalCahiers d’Etudes Africaines
Volume48
Issue number191
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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