# Constraining the time evolution of dark energy, curvature and neutrino properties with cosmic chronometers

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**Constraining the time evolution of dark energy, curvature and neutrino properties with cosmic chronometers.** / Moresco, Michele; Jimenez, Raul; Verde, Licia; Cimatti, Andrea; Pozzetti, Lucia; Maraston, Claudia; Thomas, Daniel.

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*Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics*, vol. 2016, no. December 2016, 039. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2016/12/039

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*Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics*,

*2016*(December 2016), [039]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2016/12/039

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Constraining the time evolution of dark energy, curvature and neutrino properties with cosmic chronometers

AU - Moresco, Michele

AU - Jimenez, Raul

AU - Verde, Licia

AU - Cimatti, Andrea

AU - Pozzetti, Lucia

AU - Maraston, Claudia

AU - Thomas, Daniel

N1 - 19 pages, 9 figures, 6 tables, submitted to JCAP. The cosmic chronometers data used in this analysis can be downloaded at http://www.physics-astronomy.unibo.it/en/research/areas/astrophysics/cosmology-with-cosmic-chronometers

PY - 2016/12/22

Y1 - 2016/12/22

N2 - We use the latest compilation of observational H(z) measurements obtained with cosmic chronometers in the redshift range 0 < z < 2 to place constraints on cosmological parameters. We consider the sample alone and in combination with other state-of-the art cosmological probes: CMB data from the latest Planck 2015 release, the most recent estimate of the Hubble constant H0, a compilation of recent BAO data, and the latest SNe sample. Since cosmic chronometers are independent of the assumed cosmological model, we are able to provide constraints on the parameters that govern the expansion history of the Universe in a way that can be used to test cosmological models. We show that the H(z) measurements obtained with cosmic chronometer from the BOSS survey provide enough constraining power in combination with CMB data to constrain the time evolution of dark energy, yielding constraints competitive with those obtained using SNe and/or BAO. From late-Universe probes alone we find that w0=−0.9±0.18 and wa=−0.5±1.7, and when combining also CMB data we obtain w0=−0.98±0.11and wa=−0.30±0.4. These new constraints imply that nearly all quintessence models are disfavoured, only phantom models or a pure cosmological constant being allowed. For the curvature we find Ωk=0.003±0.003, including CMB data. Cosmic chronometers data are important also to constrain neutrino properties by breaking or reducing degeneracies with other parameters. We find that Neff=3.17±0.15, thus excluding the possibility of an extra (sterile) neutrino at more than 5σ, and put competitive limits on the sum of neutrino masses, Σmν<0.27 eV at 95% confidence level. Finally, we constrain the redshift evolution of dark energy, and find w(z) consistent with the ΛCDM model at the 40% level over the entire redshift range 0 < z < 2.

AB - We use the latest compilation of observational H(z) measurements obtained with cosmic chronometers in the redshift range 0 < z < 2 to place constraints on cosmological parameters. We consider the sample alone and in combination with other state-of-the art cosmological probes: CMB data from the latest Planck 2015 release, the most recent estimate of the Hubble constant H0, a compilation of recent BAO data, and the latest SNe sample. Since cosmic chronometers are independent of the assumed cosmological model, we are able to provide constraints on the parameters that govern the expansion history of the Universe in a way that can be used to test cosmological models. We show that the H(z) measurements obtained with cosmic chronometer from the BOSS survey provide enough constraining power in combination with CMB data to constrain the time evolution of dark energy, yielding constraints competitive with those obtained using SNe and/or BAO. From late-Universe probes alone we find that w0=−0.9±0.18 and wa=−0.5±1.7, and when combining also CMB data we obtain w0=−0.98±0.11and wa=−0.30±0.4. These new constraints imply that nearly all quintessence models are disfavoured, only phantom models or a pure cosmological constant being allowed. For the curvature we find Ωk=0.003±0.003, including CMB data. Cosmic chronometers data are important also to constrain neutrino properties by breaking or reducing degeneracies with other parameters. We find that Neff=3.17±0.15, thus excluding the possibility of an extra (sterile) neutrino at more than 5σ, and put competitive limits on the sum of neutrino masses, Σmν<0.27 eV at 95% confidence level. Finally, we constrain the redshift evolution of dark energy, and find w(z) consistent with the ΛCDM model at the 40% level over the entire redshift range 0 < z < 2.

KW - astro-ph.CO

U2 - 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/12/039

DO - 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/12/039

M3 - Article

VL - 2016

JO - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

JF - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

SN - 1475-7516

IS - December 2016

M1 - 039

ER -

ID: 5269680