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Coupling GIS and multi-criteria modeling to support post-accident nuclear risk evaluation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

In case of an accident concerning a nuclear installation, two intervention phases are distinguished: an emergency phase which calls for a rapid and organized response through intervention plans, and a post-accidental phase in which postponed actions are carried out on medium and/or long-term so that the situation comes back to a state judged as acceptable by stakeholders. The PRIME project has developed a decision aiding tool for risk managers involved in an industrial accident involving radioactive substances, through the evaluation of radio-ecological sensitivity of a territory in a post-accidental phase. The proposed decision aiding tool is grounded on the integration of Multiple Criteria Decision Aid (MCDA) and a Geographical Information System (GIS). The proposed methodology relies on the concept of decision map which corresponds to a planar subdivision of the territory in which each subdivision is evaluated on the basis of several criterion maps. This results in a set of disjoint spatial units evaluated on an ordinal scale using the ELECTRE TRI method. Hence, the result is a decision map representing the radio-ecological sensitivity of the territory; such maps prove to be very useful for stakeholders to design relevant post-accidental strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEvaluation and decision models with multiple criteria
Subtitle of host publicationcase studies
EditorsRaymond Bisdorff, Luis C. Dias, Vincent Mousseau, Marc Pirlot , Patrick Meyer
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer
Pages401-428
ISBN (Electronic)9783662468166
ISBN (Print)9783662468159
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameInternational handbooks on information systems series
PublisherSpringer

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