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Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: galaxy sample for BAO measurement

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We define and characterize a sample of 1.3 million galaxies extracted from the first year of Dark Energy Survey data, optimized to measure baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the presence of significant redshift uncertainties. The sample is dominated by luminous red galaxies located at redshifts z ≳ 0.6. We define the exact selection using colour and magnitude cuts that balance the need of high number densities and small photometric redshift uncertainties, using the corresponding forecasted BAO distance error as a figure-of-merit in the process. The typical photo z uncertainty varies from 2.3 percent to 3.6 percent (in units of 1+z⁠) from z = 0.6 to 1, with number densities from 200 to 130 galaxies per deg2 in tomographic bins of width Δz = 0.1. Next, we summarize the validation of the photometric redshift estimation. We characterize and mitigate observational systematics including stellar contamination and show that the clustering on large scales is robust in front of those contaminants. We show that the clustering signal in the autocorrelations and cross-correlations is generally consistent with theoretical models, which serve as an additional test of the redshift distributions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2807–2822
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume482
Issue number2
Early online date14 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2019

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  • Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results

    Rights statement: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2018 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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