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Design challenges for mobile and wearable systems to support learning on-the-move at outdoor cultural heritage sites

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

This paper presents design challenges for the development of mobile and wearable applications to be used at cultural heritage sites. These challenges were drawn out based on a user study that was carried out to evaluate a mobile application prototype, SmartC. SmartC was designed for supporting people in taking learning opportunities at sites whenever they need informally while they are on the move. Augmented reality and wearable computing, i.e. smart eye glasses, were used in this research with the aim of bringing the past to life, as well as enhancing visitors’ engagement. SmartC was evaluated by 26 participants, potential end-users, in the field. The evaluation study mainly focused on the interaction and usability aspects, which contribute to the field of HCI. The paper outlines several issues and challenges that were identified based on the evaluation study, summarised as: (1) interaction design related; (2) wearable computing related; (3) surroundings and environment related; (4) learner related; (5) context of use; and (6) technical issues. This paper also identifies aspects that relate to methods to be used and applied to such cases for evaluation studies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2019
EditorsD. Lamas, F. Loizides, L. Nacke, H. Petrie, M. Winckler, P. Zaphiris
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-29387-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-29386-4
Publication statusEarly online - 25 Aug 2019
EventINTERACT 2019: 17th IFIP TC.13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - Paphos, Cyprus
Duration: 2 Sep 20196 Sep 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743


ConferenceINTERACT 2019: 17th IFIP TC.13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction


  • Ala_Interact_2019_cameraReady

    Rights statement: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Lamas D., Loizides F., Nacke L., Petrie H., Winckler M., Zaphiris P. (eds) Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2019. INTERACT 2019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 11748. The final authenticated version is available online at:

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 1.3 MB, PDF document

    Due to publisher’s copyright restrictions, this document is not freely available to download from this website until: 25/08/20

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