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Differential divergence in autosomes and sex chromosomes is associated with intra‐island diversification at a very small spatial scale in a songbird lineage

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Recently diverged taxa showing marked phenotypic and ecological diversity are optimal systems to understand the genetic processes underlying speciation. We used genome‐wide markers to investigate the diversification of the Reunion grey white eye (Zosterops borbonicus) on the small volcanic island of Reunion (Mascarene archipelago), where this species complex exhibits four geographic forms that are parapatrically distributed across the island and differ strikingly in plumage colour. One form restricted to the highlands is separated by a steep ecological gradient from three distinct lowland forms which meet at narrow hybrid zones that are not associated with environmental variables. Analyses of genomic variation based on SNP data from genotyping‐by‐sequencing and pooled RADseq approaches, reveal that signatures of selection associated with elevation can be found at multiple regions across the genome, whereas most loci associated with the lowland forms are located on the Z sex chromosome. We identified TYRP1, a Z‐linked colour gene, as a likely candidate locus underlying colour variation among lowland forms. Tests of demographic models revealed that highland and lowland forms diverged in the presence of gene flow, and divergence has progressed as gene flow was restricted by selection at loci across the genome. This system is promising to investigate how adaptation and reproductive isolation shape the genomic landscape of divergence at multiple stages of the speciation process.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0
Pages (from-to)1137-1153
Number of pages17
JournalMolecular Ecology
Volume29
Issue number6
Early online date23 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

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  • mec.15396

    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bourgeois, Y.X., Bertrand, J.A., Delahaie, B., Holota, H., Thébaud, C. and Milá, B. (2020), Differential divergence in autosomes and sex chromosomes is associated with intra‐island diversification at a very small spatial scale in a songbird lineage. Mol Ecol. Accepted Author Manuscript, which has been published in final form at doi:10.1111/mec.15396. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 8.66 MB, PDF document

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