Skip to content
Back to outputs

Expressing history through a geo-spatial ontology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Expressing history through a geo-spatial ontology. / Southall, Humphrey; Aucott, Paula.

In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, Vol. 8, No. 8, 362, 20.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Southall, H & Aucott, P 2019, 'Expressing history through a geo-spatial ontology', ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, vol. 8, no. 8, 362. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8080362

APA

Vancouver

Southall H, Aucott P. Expressing history through a geo-spatial ontology. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2019 Aug 20;8(8). 362. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8080362

Author

Southall, Humphrey ; Aucott, Paula. / Expressing history through a geo-spatial ontology. In: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2019 ; Vol. 8, No. 8.

Bibtex

@article{6138962d1e944a1da2c8efa0117f9a74,
title = "Expressing history through a geo-spatial ontology",
abstract = "Conventional GIS systems struggle to represent uncertain and contested historical knowledge. An ontology, meaning a semantic structure defining named entities, and explicit and typed relationships, can be constructed in the absence of locational data, and spatial objects can be attached to this structure if and when they become available. We describe the overall architecture of the Great Britain Historical GIS, and the Administrative Unit Ontology which forms its core. We then show how particular historical geographies can be represented within this architecture through two case studies, both emphasizing entity definition and especially the application of a multi-level typology, in which each “unit” has an unchanging “Type” but also a time-variant “Status”: firstly, the linked systems of Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts in nineteenth century England and Wales, in which most but not all Unions and Districts were coterminous; secondly, the international system of nation-states, in which most units do not appear from nothing, but rather gain or lose independence. We show that a relatively simple database architecture is able to represent much historical complexity.",
keywords = "Administrative units, ontology, historical geography, England and Wales, Poor Law Unions, Registration Districts, Countries, borders",
author = "Humphrey Southall and Paula Aucott",
year = "2019",
month = aug,
day = "20",
doi = "10.3390/ijgi8080362",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information",
issn = "2220-9964",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expressing history through a geo-spatial ontology

AU - Southall, Humphrey

AU - Aucott, Paula

PY - 2019/8/20

Y1 - 2019/8/20

N2 - Conventional GIS systems struggle to represent uncertain and contested historical knowledge. An ontology, meaning a semantic structure defining named entities, and explicit and typed relationships, can be constructed in the absence of locational data, and spatial objects can be attached to this structure if and when they become available. We describe the overall architecture of the Great Britain Historical GIS, and the Administrative Unit Ontology which forms its core. We then show how particular historical geographies can be represented within this architecture through two case studies, both emphasizing entity definition and especially the application of a multi-level typology, in which each “unit” has an unchanging “Type” but also a time-variant “Status”: firstly, the linked systems of Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts in nineteenth century England and Wales, in which most but not all Unions and Districts were coterminous; secondly, the international system of nation-states, in which most units do not appear from nothing, but rather gain or lose independence. We show that a relatively simple database architecture is able to represent much historical complexity.

AB - Conventional GIS systems struggle to represent uncertain and contested historical knowledge. An ontology, meaning a semantic structure defining named entities, and explicit and typed relationships, can be constructed in the absence of locational data, and spatial objects can be attached to this structure if and when they become available. We describe the overall architecture of the Great Britain Historical GIS, and the Administrative Unit Ontology which forms its core. We then show how particular historical geographies can be represented within this architecture through two case studies, both emphasizing entity definition and especially the application of a multi-level typology, in which each “unit” has an unchanging “Type” but also a time-variant “Status”: firstly, the linked systems of Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts in nineteenth century England and Wales, in which most but not all Unions and Districts were coterminous; secondly, the international system of nation-states, in which most units do not appear from nothing, but rather gain or lose independence. We show that a relatively simple database architecture is able to represent much historical complexity.

KW - Administrative units

KW - ontology

KW - historical geography

KW - England and Wales

KW - Poor Law Unions

KW - Registration Districts

KW - Countries

KW - borders

U2 - 10.3390/ijgi8080362

DO - 10.3390/ijgi8080362

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information

JF - ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information

SN - 2220-9964

IS - 8

M1 - 362

ER -

ID: 14679396