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Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas

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Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas. / Hardiman, Mark John; Scott, Andrew C.; Pinter, Nicholas; Anderson, R. Scott; Ejarque, Ana; Carter-Champion, Alice; Staff, Richard.

In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, Vol. 371, No. 1696, 20150167, 05.06.2016, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Hardiman, MJ, Scott, AC, Pinter, N, Anderson, RS, Ejarque, A, Carter-Champion, A & Staff, R 2016, 'Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, vol. 371, no. 1696, 20150167, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0167

APA

Hardiman, M. J., Scott, A. C., Pinter, N., Anderson, R. S., Ejarque, A., Carter-Champion, A., & Staff, R. (2016). Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371(1696), 1-12. [20150167]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0167

Vancouver

Hardiman MJ, Scott AC, Pinter N, Anderson RS, Ejarque A, Carter-Champion A et al. Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 2016 Jun 5;371(1696):1-12. 20150167. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0167

Author

Hardiman, Mark John ; Scott, Andrew C. ; Pinter, Nicholas ; Anderson, R. Scott ; Ejarque, Ana ; Carter-Champion, Alice ; Staff, Richard. / Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 2016 ; Vol. 371, No. 1696. pp. 1-12.

Bibtex

@article{105d3f549e4942cf8f2211ee7f5fcdf4,
title = "Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas",
abstract = "Recent studies have suggested that the first arrival of humans in the Americasduring the end of the last Ice Age is associated with marked anthropogenicinfluences on landscape; in particular, with the use of fire which would havegiven even small populations the ability to have broad impacts on the landscape.Understanding the impact of these early people is complicated by thedramatic changes in climate occurring with the shift from glacial to interglacialconditions. Despite these difficulties, we here attempt to test the extent ofanthropogenic influence using the California Channel Islands as a smaller,landscape-scale test bed. These islands are famous for the discovery of the{\textquoteleft}Arlington Springs Man{\textquoteright}, which are some of the earliest human remains inthe Americas. A unifying sedimentary charcoal record is presented fromArlington Canyon, Santa Rosa Island based on over 20 detailed sedimentarysections from eight key localities. Radiocarbon dating was based on thin,fragile, long fragments charcoal in order to avoid the {\textquoteleft}old wood{\textquoteright} problem.Radiocarbon dating of 49 such fragments has allowed inferences regardingthe fire and landscape history of the Canyon ca 19–11 ka BP. A significantperiod of charcoal deposition is identified approximately 14–12.5 ka BP andbears remarkable closeness to an estimated appearance age range of the firsthuman arrival on the islands.",
keywords = "Fire, Charcoal, Radiocarbon Dating, Arlington Springs Man",
author = "Hardiman, {Mark John} and Scott, {Andrew C.} and Nicholas Pinter and Anderson, {R. Scott} and Ana Ejarque and Alice Carter-Champion and Richard Staff",
year = "2016",
month = jun
day = "5",
doi = "10.1098/rstb.2015.0167",
language = "English",
volume = "371",
pages = "1--12",
journal = "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B",
issn = "1471-2970",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "1696",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas

AU - Hardiman, Mark John

AU - Scott, Andrew C.

AU - Pinter, Nicholas

AU - Anderson, R. Scott

AU - Ejarque, Ana

AU - Carter-Champion, Alice

AU - Staff, Richard

PY - 2016/6/5

Y1 - 2016/6/5

N2 - Recent studies have suggested that the first arrival of humans in the Americasduring the end of the last Ice Age is associated with marked anthropogenicinfluences on landscape; in particular, with the use of fire which would havegiven even small populations the ability to have broad impacts on the landscape.Understanding the impact of these early people is complicated by thedramatic changes in climate occurring with the shift from glacial to interglacialconditions. Despite these difficulties, we here attempt to test the extent ofanthropogenic influence using the California Channel Islands as a smaller,landscape-scale test bed. These islands are famous for the discovery of the‘Arlington Springs Man’, which are some of the earliest human remains inthe Americas. A unifying sedimentary charcoal record is presented fromArlington Canyon, Santa Rosa Island based on over 20 detailed sedimentarysections from eight key localities. Radiocarbon dating was based on thin,fragile, long fragments charcoal in order to avoid the ‘old wood’ problem.Radiocarbon dating of 49 such fragments has allowed inferences regardingthe fire and landscape history of the Canyon ca 19–11 ka BP. A significantperiod of charcoal deposition is identified approximately 14–12.5 ka BP andbears remarkable closeness to an estimated appearance age range of the firsthuman arrival on the islands.

AB - Recent studies have suggested that the first arrival of humans in the Americasduring the end of the last Ice Age is associated with marked anthropogenicinfluences on landscape; in particular, with the use of fire which would havegiven even small populations the ability to have broad impacts on the landscape.Understanding the impact of these early people is complicated by thedramatic changes in climate occurring with the shift from glacial to interglacialconditions. Despite these difficulties, we here attempt to test the extent ofanthropogenic influence using the California Channel Islands as a smaller,landscape-scale test bed. These islands are famous for the discovery of the‘Arlington Springs Man’, which are some of the earliest human remains inthe Americas. A unifying sedimentary charcoal record is presented fromArlington Canyon, Santa Rosa Island based on over 20 detailed sedimentarysections from eight key localities. Radiocarbon dating was based on thin,fragile, long fragments charcoal in order to avoid the ‘old wood’ problem.Radiocarbon dating of 49 such fragments has allowed inferences regardingthe fire and landscape history of the Canyon ca 19–11 ka BP. A significantperiod of charcoal deposition is identified approximately 14–12.5 ka BP andbears remarkable closeness to an estimated appearance age range of the firsthuman arrival on the islands.

KW - Fire

KW - Charcoal

KW - Radiocarbon Dating

KW - Arlington Springs Man

U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2015.0167

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2015.0167

M3 - Article

VL - 371

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

SN - 1471-2970

IS - 1696

M1 - 20150167

ER -

ID: 3702783