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Impact of climate change and land use on groundwater salinization in Southern Bangladesh - implications for other Asian deltas

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Pervasive salinity in soil and water is affecting agricultural yield and the health of millions of delta dwellers in Asia. This is also being exacerbated by climate change through increases in sea level and tropical storm surges. One consequence of this has been a widespread introduction of salt water shrimp farming. Here, we show, using field data and modeling, how changes in climate and land use are likely to result in increased salinization of shallow groundwater in SE Asian mega-deltas. We also explore possible adaptation options. We find that possible future increase of episodic inundation events, combined with salt water shrimp farming, will cause rapid salinization of groundwater in the region making it less suitable for drinking water and irrigation. However, modified land use and water management practices can mitigate the impacts on groundwater, as well as the overlying soil, from future salinization. The study therefore provides guidance for adaptation planning to reduce future salinization in Asian deltas.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Management
Early online date26 Oct 2019
Publication statusEarly online - 26 Oct 2019


  • Impact of climate change

    Rights statement: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Environmental Management. The final authenticated version is available online at:

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 1.71 MB, PDF document

    Due to publisher’s copyright restrictions, this document is not freely available to download from this website until: 26/10/20

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