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Integrated graptolite-conodont biostratigraphy and organic carbon chemostratigraphy of the Llandovery of Kallholn quarry, Dalarna, Sweden

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A revised graptolite and conodont biostratigraphy together with new organic carbon isotope data for the middle Aeronian to lower Telychian (Llandovery, lower Silurian) of Kallholn quarry, central Sweden, are presented. The base of the section is marked by an unconformity between the Ordovician Boda Limestone and Aeronian shales with limestone nodules belonging to the Pribylograptus leptotheca Biozone. These are overlain by strata assigned to the lower Lituigraptus convolutus Biozone. The Stimulograptus sedgwickii Biozone, previously recorded from the section, is absent and marked by an unconformity which is overlain by radiolarian-rich graptolitic shales belonging to the Stimulograptus halli Biozone. The overlying Telychian strata are assigned to the Spirograptus guerichi, Spirograptus turriculatus and Streptograptus crispus biozones. Conodonts indicate that the boundary between the Distomodus staurognathoides Biozone and Pterospathodus eopennatus Superzone lies within the Sp.turriculatus Biozone, as it does also in the Ohesaare core, Estonia. The δ13Corg record shows mostly minor fluctuations but with a distinct twin-peaked positive excursion in the upper Sp.turriculatus Biozone, close to the boundary with the overlying Streptograptus crispus Biozone. The excursion in the Kallholn section may correlate with the earliest positive shift in δ13C values at the onset of the excursion associated with the Valgu Event or it may represent a new excursion (provisionally named the Kallholn excursion) preceding this. Many more bentonites (36) occur in the section than previously recorded – geochemical studies are needed to confirm whether the Osmundsberg bentonite (which may or may not be equivalent to the “O” bed in Estonia and Latvia) is present.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Early online date8 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online - 8 Aug 2018

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